On the mechanism of superelasticity in Gum metal

R.J. Talling, R.J. Dashwood, M. Jackson, D. Dye

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206 Citations (Scopus)


The deformation mechanisms of the β-Ti alloy, Gum metal, were investigated with the aid of in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). SXRD showed that Gum metal undergoes a reversible stress-induced martensitic (α″) phase transformation. Oxygen increases the resistance to shear by increasing C′ and limits the extent of α″ growth. Prior deformation aids α″ formation of by providing nuclei, such as {1 1 2}<1 1 1> twins and stress-induced ω plates. The formation of twins and ω plates, both observed in TEM, are believed to be a result of a low View the MathML source in this alloy. Features similar to the “giant faults” seen previously were observed in TEM; their formation is believed to be a result of {1 1 2}<1 1 1> shear.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1188-1198
Number of pages11
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number4
Early online date16 Dec 2008
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009


  • Gum metal
  • Martensitic phase transformation
  • Titanium alloys
  • Synchrotron radiation
  • Transmission electron microscopy


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