Butterflies routinely produce nanostructured surfaces with useful properties. Here, we report a disordered nano-hole structure with ridges inspired by Papilio ulysses that produce omnidirectional light absorption compared with the common ordered structure. The result shows that the omnidirectional light absorption is affected by polarization, the incident angle, and the wavelength. Using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, the stable omnidirectional light absorption is achieved in the structure inspired from the Papilio ulysses over a wide incident angle range and with various wavelengths. This explains some of the mysteries of the structure of the Papilio ulysses butterfly. These conclusions can guide the design of omnidirectional absorption materials.
Wang, W., Zhang, W., Fang, X., Huang, Y., Liu, Q., Bai, M., & Zhang, D. (2014). Omnidirectional light absorption of disordered nano-hole structure inspired from Papilio ulysses. Optics Letters, 39(14), 4208-4211. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.39.004208