This study aims to forecast oil prices using evolutionary techniques such as gene expression programming (GEP) and artificial neural network (NN) models to predict oil prices over the period from January 2, 1986 to June 12, 2012. Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models are employed to benchmark evolutionary models. The results reveal that the GEP technique outperforms traditional statistical techniques in predicting oil prices. Further, the GEP model outperforms the NN and the ARIMA models in terms of the mean squared error, the root mean squared error and the mean absolute error. Finally, the GEP model also has the highest explanatory power as measured by the R-squared statistic. The results of this study have important implications for both theory and practice.
|Number of pages||14|
|Early online date||17 Jan 2016|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2016|
- Oil price prediction
- Gene expression programming
- Neural networks
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- Research Centre for Financial & Corporate Integrity - Professor of Corporate Finance and Governance
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