Oil, conflict, and the dynamics of resource struggle in the Niger Delta: A comparison of the Ogoni and Ijaw movements

Zainab Mai-Bornu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)
    126 Downloads (Pure)


    Conflict in the Niger Delta has attracted significant local and international concern and reactions. Although several theses have discussed the recurring structural facets of the conflict, such as resource governance, marginalization, and neglect, which serve as the bases for understanding the grievances, a crucial question has remained unanswered: why have the Ogoni and the Ijaw, who have shared common, lived experiences, reacted differently to the same regional problems? Why has one chosen violence and the other, a non-violent contestation? This article argues that the three factors narratives, leadership, and organization have determined the dynamics of the choice between the distinct courses of action taken by each group, and suggests that the Ogoni and the Ijaw have waged distinct wars and been fighting context-specific battles constructed and framed for their individual communities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1282-1291
    Number of pages10
    JournalThe Extractive Industries and Society
    Issue number4
    Early online date21 Oct 2019
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

    Bibliographical note

    NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in The Extractive Industries and Society. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such aspeer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality controlmechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to thiswork since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in The Extractive Industries and Society, 6:4, (2019) DOI:10.1016/j.exis.2019.10.002


    • Niger Delta
    • Nonviolence
    • Oil
    • Resource struggle
    • Violence

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Development
    • Economic Geology
    • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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