Oil, conflict, and the dynamics of resource struggle in the Niger Delta: A comparison of the Ogoni and Ijaw movements

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Conflict in the Niger Delta has attracted significant local and international concern and reactions. Although several theses have discussed the recurring structural facets of the conflict, such as resource governance, marginalization, and neglect, which serve as the bases for understanding the grievances, a crucial question has remained unanswered: why have the Ogoni and the Ijaw, who have shared common, lived experiences, reacted differently to the same regional problems? Why has one chosen violence and the other, a non-violent contestation? This article argues that the three factors narratives, leadership, and organization have determined the dynamics of the choice between the distinct courses of action taken by each group, and suggests that the Ogoni and the Ijaw have waged distinct wars and been fighting context-specific battles constructed and framed for their individual communities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1291
Number of pages10
JournalThe Extractive Industries and Society
Volume6
Issue number4
Early online date21 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Niger
marginalization
oil
fighting
resource
violence
resources
leadership
neglect
governance
narrative
organization
community
experience
Group
comparison
conflict
thesis

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in The Extractive Industries and Society. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such aspeer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality controlmechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to thiswork since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in The Extractive Industries and Society, 6:4, (2019) DOI:10.1016/j.exis.2019.10.002

Keywords

  • Niger Delta
  • Nonviolence
  • Oil
  • Resource struggle
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Economic Geology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

@article{ce3da303d2b04d9e9b47a3853ba71134,
title = "Oil, conflict, and the dynamics of resource struggle in the Niger Delta: A comparison of the Ogoni and Ijaw movements",
abstract = "Conflict in the Niger Delta has attracted significant local and international concern and reactions. Although several theses have discussed the recurring structural facets of the conflict, such as resource governance, marginalization, and neglect, which serve as the bases for understanding the grievances, a crucial question has remained unanswered: why have the Ogoni and the Ijaw, who have shared common, lived experiences, reacted differently to the same regional problems? Why has one chosen violence and the other, a non-violent contestation? This article argues that the three factors narratives, leadership, and organization have determined the dynamics of the choice between the distinct courses of action taken by each group, and suggests that the Ogoni and the Ijaw have waged distinct wars and been fighting context-specific battles constructed and framed for their individual communities.",
keywords = "Niger Delta, Nonviolence, Oil, Resource struggle, Violence",
author = "Zainab Mai-Bornu",
note = "NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in The Extractive Industries and Society. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such aspeer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality controlmechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to thiswork since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in The Extractive Industries and Society, 6:4, (2019) DOI:10.1016/j.exis.2019.10.002",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.exis.2019.10.002",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "1282--1291",
journal = "The Extractive Industries and Society",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Oil, conflict, and the dynamics of resource struggle in the Niger Delta: A comparison of the Ogoni and Ijaw movements

AU - Mai-Bornu, Zainab

N1 - NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in The Extractive Industries and Society. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such aspeer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality controlmechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to thiswork since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in The Extractive Industries and Society, 6:4, (2019) DOI:10.1016/j.exis.2019.10.002

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - Conflict in the Niger Delta has attracted significant local and international concern and reactions. Although several theses have discussed the recurring structural facets of the conflict, such as resource governance, marginalization, and neglect, which serve as the bases for understanding the grievances, a crucial question has remained unanswered: why have the Ogoni and the Ijaw, who have shared common, lived experiences, reacted differently to the same regional problems? Why has one chosen violence and the other, a non-violent contestation? This article argues that the three factors narratives, leadership, and organization have determined the dynamics of the choice between the distinct courses of action taken by each group, and suggests that the Ogoni and the Ijaw have waged distinct wars and been fighting context-specific battles constructed and framed for their individual communities.

AB - Conflict in the Niger Delta has attracted significant local and international concern and reactions. Although several theses have discussed the recurring structural facets of the conflict, such as resource governance, marginalization, and neglect, which serve as the bases for understanding the grievances, a crucial question has remained unanswered: why have the Ogoni and the Ijaw, who have shared common, lived experiences, reacted differently to the same regional problems? Why has one chosen violence and the other, a non-violent contestation? This article argues that the three factors narratives, leadership, and organization have determined the dynamics of the choice between the distinct courses of action taken by each group, and suggests that the Ogoni and the Ijaw have waged distinct wars and been fighting context-specific battles constructed and framed for their individual communities.

KW - Niger Delta

KW - Nonviolence

KW - Oil

KW - Resource struggle

KW - Violence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073827599&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.exis.2019.10.002

DO - 10.1016/j.exis.2019.10.002

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 1282

EP - 1291

JO - The Extractive Industries and Society

JF - The Extractive Industries and Society

IS - 4

ER -