Of sunsets, savages, and soccer: Framing Africa during the last days of the FIFA 2010 World Cup

Bernadine Jones

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


As Chimamanda Adichie (2009) described, stereotyping a nation flattens the experiences of a diverse people. Their histories and practices become indistinguishable, and the homogeneous ideal of ‘Africa’ is born: war-torn, disease-ridden, a continent of failed states, a place of mysterious peoples and majestic animals. Western, particularly American and British, news frames Africa negatively, with a go-to list of ‘symbolism that convinces the Western media audience that indeed what is being viewed, read or written is “African”’ (Kromah, 2002). News media appear to contribute significantly to this skewed perception of African realities and symbolism (Kromah, 2002; Berger, 2010: 182; Ginsberg, 2010: 199). De Beer (2010: 598) calls this ‘go-to’ list an Afro-pessimism code book, which entails common stereotypes of conflict, famine, entrenched poverty, failed democracy, and so forth. Spurr (1994) defines this Afro-pessimistic discourse as the ‘rhetoric of empire’ — extending control over a post-colonial country through the language and imagery used to represent it.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAfrican Football, Identity Politics and Global Media Narratives
Subtitle of host publicationThe Legacy of the FIFA 2010 World Cup
EditorsTendai Chari, N Mhiripiri
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-137-39223-7
ISBN (Print)978-1-349-48323-5
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2014


  • television news
  • news frame
  • passive construction
  • foreign news

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication


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