Observations of particulate matter, NO2, SO2, O3, H2S and selected VOCs at a semi-urban environment in the Amazon region

S.L. Paralovo, C.G.G. Barbosa, I.P.S. Carneiro, P. Kurzlop, G.C. Borillo, M.F.C. Schiochet, A.F.L. Godoi, C.I. Yamamoto, R.A.F. de Souza, R.V. Andreoli, I.O. Ribeiro, A.O. Manzi, I. Kourtchev, J.O.V. Bustillos, S.T. Martin, R.H.M. Godoi

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Abstract

This research aims to assess air quality in a transitional location between city and forest in the Amazon region. Located downwind of the Manaus metropolitan region, this study is part of the large-scale experiment GoAmazon2014/5. Based on their pollutant potential, inhalable particulate matter (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and meta-, orto-, para-xylene (BTEX) were selected for analysis. Sampling took place during the wet season (March–April 2014) and dry season (August–October 2014). The number of forest fires in the surroundings was higher during the dry wet season. Results show significant increase during the dry season in mass concentration (wet: <0.01–10 μg m−3; dry: 9.8–69 μg m−3), NH4+ soluble content (wet: 13–125 μg m−3; dry: 86–323 μg m−3) and K+ soluble content (wet: 11–168 μg m−3; dry 60–356 μg m−3) of the PM2.5, and O3 levels (wet: 1.4–14 μg m−3; dry: 1.0–40 μg m−3), indicating influence of biomass burning emissions. BTEX concentrations were low in both periods, but also increased during the dry season. A weak correlation in the time series of the organic and inorganic gaseous pollutants indicates a combination of different sources in both seasons and NO2 results suggest a spatial heterogeneity in gaseous pollutants levels beyond initial expectations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)996-1006
Number of pages11
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume650
Issue numberPart 1
Early online date7 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

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    Paralovo, S. L., Barbosa, C. G. G., Carneiro, I. P. S., Kurzlop, P., Borillo, G. C., Schiochet, M. F. C., ... Godoi, R. H. M. (2019). Observations of particulate matter, NO2, SO2, O3, H2S and selected VOCs at a semi-urban environment in the Amazon region. Science of the Total Environment, 650(Part 1), 996-1006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.073