Objectively measured patterns of physical activity in primary school children in coventry: The influence of ethnicity

E.L.J. Eyre, Michael J. Duncan, E.C. Smith, K.A. Matyka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    Aims: The aetiology of increased metabolic risk in South Asians is incompletely understood, but may include modifiable factors such as physical activity. This study assessed patterns of physical activity in UK primary school children and examined the influence of ethnicity. Methods: We studied a community sample of children aged 8-9 years attending primary schools in Coventry, UK. One hundred and sixty-one children wore combined physical activity and heart rate monitors for 7 days. Levels of activity and energy expenditure were compared between White European (n = 96) and South Asian children (n = 65). Patterns of physical activity during the school week were also described. Results: Seventy-three per cent of White Europeans compared with only 35% of South Asians achieved international recommendations of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily (P <0.0000). South Asians were less active during the week (106 ± 28 vs. 120 ± 32 counts/min, respectively, P = 0.0054) and at weekends (92 ± 34 vs. 108 ± 54 counts/min, P = 0.0118) compared with White Europeans. There were differences in energy expenditure with lower physical activity levels in South Asians (daily average 1.68 ± 0.13 vs. 1.76 ± 0.17, P <0.0001). Differences were attributable to less activity after school in South Asians (97 ± 29 vs. 120 ± 43 counts/min, P <0.0000) as daytime activity was comparable between groups (120 ± 41 vs. 124 ± 39 counts/min, P > 0.05). Conclusion: South Asian children in Coventry do significantly less physical activity than White Europeans, mainly attributable to differences in after-school activity. Ethnically tailored interventions should explore whether physical activity can be increased in South Asian children and, if so, whether this increased physical activity improves metabolic health.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)939-945
    JournalDiabetic Medicine
    Volume30
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    Exercise
    Energy Metabolism
    Heart Rate
    Health

    Bibliographical note

    The full text of this item is not available from the repository.
    This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Eyre, E.L.J. , Duncan, M.J. , Smith, E.C. and Matyka, K.A. (2013) Objectively measured patterns of physical activity in primary school children in coventry: The influence of ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine, volume 30 (8): 939-945, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dme.12186. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

    Keywords

    • metabolic risk
    • physical activity
    • children
    • ethnicity

    Cite this

    Objectively measured patterns of physical activity in primary school children in coventry: The influence of ethnicity. / Eyre, E.L.J.; Duncan, Michael J.; Smith, E.C.; Matyka, K.A.

    In: Diabetic Medicine, Vol. 30, No. 8, 2013, p. 939-945.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "Aims: The aetiology of increased metabolic risk in South Asians is incompletely understood, but may include modifiable factors such as physical activity. This study assessed patterns of physical activity in UK primary school children and examined the influence of ethnicity. Methods: We studied a community sample of children aged 8-9 years attending primary schools in Coventry, UK. One hundred and sixty-one children wore combined physical activity and heart rate monitors for 7 days. Levels of activity and energy expenditure were compared between White European (n = 96) and South Asian children (n = 65). Patterns of physical activity during the school week were also described. Results: Seventy-three per cent of White Europeans compared with only 35{\%} of South Asians achieved international recommendations of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily (P <0.0000). South Asians were less active during the week (106 ± 28 vs. 120 ± 32 counts/min, respectively, P = 0.0054) and at weekends (92 ± 34 vs. 108 ± 54 counts/min, P = 0.0118) compared with White Europeans. There were differences in energy expenditure with lower physical activity levels in South Asians (daily average 1.68 ± 0.13 vs. 1.76 ± 0.17, P <0.0001). Differences were attributable to less activity after school in South Asians (97 ± 29 vs. 120 ± 43 counts/min, P <0.0000) as daytime activity was comparable between groups (120 ± 41 vs. 124 ± 39 counts/min, P > 0.05). Conclusion: South Asian children in Coventry do significantly less physical activity than White Europeans, mainly attributable to differences in after-school activity. Ethnically tailored interventions should explore whether physical activity can be increased in South Asian children and, if so, whether this increased physical activity improves metabolic health.",
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    T1 - Objectively measured patterns of physical activity in primary school children in coventry: The influence of ethnicity

    AU - Eyre, E.L.J.

    AU - Duncan, Michael J.

    AU - Smith, E.C.

    AU - Matyka, K.A.

    N1 - The full text of this item is not available from the repository. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Eyre, E.L.J. , Duncan, M.J. , Smith, E.C. and Matyka, K.A. (2013) Objectively measured patterns of physical activity in primary school children in coventry: The influence of ethnicity. Diabetic Medicine, volume 30 (8): 939-945, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dme.12186. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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    N2 - Aims: The aetiology of increased metabolic risk in South Asians is incompletely understood, but may include modifiable factors such as physical activity. This study assessed patterns of physical activity in UK primary school children and examined the influence of ethnicity. Methods: We studied a community sample of children aged 8-9 years attending primary schools in Coventry, UK. One hundred and sixty-one children wore combined physical activity and heart rate monitors for 7 days. Levels of activity and energy expenditure were compared between White European (n = 96) and South Asian children (n = 65). Patterns of physical activity during the school week were also described. Results: Seventy-three per cent of White Europeans compared with only 35% of South Asians achieved international recommendations of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily (P <0.0000). South Asians were less active during the week (106 ± 28 vs. 120 ± 32 counts/min, respectively, P = 0.0054) and at weekends (92 ± 34 vs. 108 ± 54 counts/min, P = 0.0118) compared with White Europeans. There were differences in energy expenditure with lower physical activity levels in South Asians (daily average 1.68 ± 0.13 vs. 1.76 ± 0.17, P <0.0001). Differences were attributable to less activity after school in South Asians (97 ± 29 vs. 120 ± 43 counts/min, P <0.0000) as daytime activity was comparable between groups (120 ± 41 vs. 124 ± 39 counts/min, P > 0.05). Conclusion: South Asian children in Coventry do significantly less physical activity than White Europeans, mainly attributable to differences in after-school activity. Ethnically tailored interventions should explore whether physical activity can be increased in South Asian children and, if so, whether this increased physical activity improves metabolic health.

    AB - Aims: The aetiology of increased metabolic risk in South Asians is incompletely understood, but may include modifiable factors such as physical activity. This study assessed patterns of physical activity in UK primary school children and examined the influence of ethnicity. Methods: We studied a community sample of children aged 8-9 years attending primary schools in Coventry, UK. One hundred and sixty-one children wore combined physical activity and heart rate monitors for 7 days. Levels of activity and energy expenditure were compared between White European (n = 96) and South Asian children (n = 65). Patterns of physical activity during the school week were also described. Results: Seventy-three per cent of White Europeans compared with only 35% of South Asians achieved international recommendations of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily (P <0.0000). South Asians were less active during the week (106 ± 28 vs. 120 ± 32 counts/min, respectively, P = 0.0054) and at weekends (92 ± 34 vs. 108 ± 54 counts/min, P = 0.0118) compared with White Europeans. There were differences in energy expenditure with lower physical activity levels in South Asians (daily average 1.68 ± 0.13 vs. 1.76 ± 0.17, P <0.0001). Differences were attributable to less activity after school in South Asians (97 ± 29 vs. 120 ± 43 counts/min, P <0.0000) as daytime activity was comparable between groups (120 ± 41 vs. 124 ± 39 counts/min, P > 0.05). Conclusion: South Asian children in Coventry do significantly less physical activity than White Europeans, mainly attributable to differences in after-school activity. Ethnically tailored interventions should explore whether physical activity can be increased in South Asian children and, if so, whether this increased physical activity improves metabolic health.

    KW - metabolic risk

    KW - physical activity

    KW - children

    KW - ethnicity

    U2 - 10.1111/dme.12186

    DO - 10.1111/dme.12186

    M3 - Article

    VL - 30

    SP - 939

    EP - 945

    JO - Diabetic Medicine

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    SN - 0742-3071

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