Numerical studies of premixed hydrogen/air flames in a small-scale combustion chamber with varied area blockage ratio.

Mohamed Elshimy, Salah Ibrahim, Weeratunge Malalasekera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The increasing use of hydrogen as a renewable source of energy underlines the need to be able to assess the safety risks involved in the event of an accidental explosion. This paper presents numerical studies for hydrogen/air propagating flames at an equivalence ratio of 0.7 in a laboratory-scale combustion chamber equipped with turbulence generating baffles and a solid square cross section obstruction. The large eddy simulation (LES) modelling technique is used with an in-house computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model for compressible flows to study the flow turbulence and the flame propagation characteristics. The study is carried out using four different baffle arrangements and two different solid obstructions with area blockage ratios of 0.24 and 0.5. Results for the generated peak overpressure and the timing at which it occurs following ignition are considered as the primary safety factors. The time histories of the flame speed and position relative to the ignition source are validated against published experimental data. Good agreement is obtained between numerical results and experimental data which enables further predictions where measurements are limited in the study of vented hydrogen explosions. It was concluded that adding successive baffles and increasing the area blockage ratio escalates the maximum rate at which pressure rises and raises the generated peak explosion overpressure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14979-14990
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number29
Early online date17 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Hydrogen combustion
  • Dynamic flame surface density
  • Large eddy simulation
  • Area blockage ratio
  • Overpressure
  • Computational fluid dynamics


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