Numerical and experimental analysis of shallow turbulent flow over complex roughness beds

Yong Zhang, Matteo Rubinato, Ehsan Kazemi, Jaan H. Pu, Yuefei Huang, Pengzhi Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
104 Downloads (Pure)


A set of shallow-water equations (SWEs) based on a (Formula presented.) Reynold stress model is established to simulate the turbulent flows over a complex roughness bed. The fundamental equations are discretized by the second-order finite-difference method (FDM), in which spatial and temporal discretization are conducted by staggered-grid and leap-frog schemes, respectively. The turbulent model in this study stems from the standard (Formula presented.) model, but is enhanced by replacing the conventional vertical production with a more rigorous and precise generation derived from the energy spectrum and turbulence scales. To verify its effectiveness, the model is applied to compute the turbulence in complex flow surroundings (including a rough bed) in an abrupt bend and in a natural waterway. The comparison of the model results against experimental data and other numerical results shows the robustness and accuracy of the present model in describing hydrodynamic characteristics, especially turbulence features on the complex roughness bottom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-221
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
Issue number5
Early online date24 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics on 24/07/2019 available online:

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.


  • Energy spectrum
  • SWE model
  • roughness bed
  • shallow flows
  • turbulent flows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Numerical and experimental analysis of shallow turbulent flow over complex roughness beds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this