Novel composite landfill liners

M. Tyrer, A. Atkinson, Peter A. Claisse, Eshmaiel Ganjian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This paper presents results of a study into alternative landfill liner technology, in which a large proportion of the materials used in construction are considered to be wastes by their primary producers. A composite barrier comprising concrete-clay-concrete layers is described, in which two concretes have been developed using waste materials. These include an alkali activated blast furnace slag and a novel binder based on a zinc oxide-sodium borate slag. The aggregates used in these concretes are either slags from the metals processing industry (such as ferrosilicates or chrome alumina) or spent foundry sands. Studies of the leaching properties of many of these materials show them to be relatively unreactive in both landfill leachates and in the chemical environment prevailing in cement pore solutions. Accelerated leach testing of these materials, using high pressure flow cells, suggests that they are mutually compatible with each other and with the clay hydraulic barrier in the liner system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGREEN3: The Exploitation of Natural Resources and the Consequences
EditorsR.W. Sarsby, T. Meggyes
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherThomas Telford
ISBN (Print)9780727739223, 9780727730046
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Bibliographical note

This paper was presented at Green3, the 3rd international symposium on geotechnics related to the European environment, held 21-24 June 2000, Berlin, Germany. The full text of this item is not available from the repository.


  • alternative landfill liner technology
  • secondary materials
  • waste recycling


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