New ANN method for multi-terminal HVDC protection relaying

Qingqing Yang, Simon Le Blond, Raj Aggarwal, Yawei Wang, Jianwei Li

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90 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper proposes a comprehensive novel multi-terminal HVDC protection scheme based on artificial neural network (ANN) and high frequency components detected from fault current signals only. The method is shown to accurately detect, classify and locate overhead line faults. Unlike existing travelling wave based methods which must capture the initial wavefront and require high sampling rates, the new approach is more robust since it gives accurate fault detection and fault location over a range of windowed post-fault signals. Furthermore, the proposed method is fault resistance independent meaning even a very high fault impedance has no effect on accurate fault location. A three-terminal VSC-HVDC system is modelled in PSCAD/EMTDC, which is used for obtaining the fault current data for transmission line terminals. The method is verified by studying different cases with a range of fault resistances in various fault locations, and in addition, external faults. The results show that the proposed method gives fast (<5 ms) and reliable (100%) fault detection and classification and accurate location (<1.16%) for DC line faults.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-201
Number of pages10
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
Early online date7 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Electric Power Systems Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Electric Power Systems Research, 148 (2017) DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2017.03.024

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • Artificial neural network
  • Fault current signal
  • Fault detection
  • Fault location
  • Transmission line
  • VSC-HVDC system


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