Neural network based smart accelerometers for use in telecare medicine

E.I. Gaura, R.J. Rider, N. Steele, R.N.G. Naguib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transducers represent a key component of medical instrumentation systems. In this paper, sensors that perform the task of measuring the physical quantity of acceleration are discussed. These sensors are of special significance since by integrating their output signal, accelerometers can additionally provide a measure of velocity and position. Applications for such measurements and thus of accelerometers, range from early diagnosis procedures for tremor-related diseases (e.g. Parkinsons) to monitoring daily patterns of patient activity using telemetry systems. The system-level requirements in such applications are considered and two novel neural network transducer designs developed by the authors are presented which aim to satisfy such requirements. Both designs are based on a micromachined sensing element with capacitive signal pick-off. The first is an open-loop design utilising a direct inverse control strategy, whilst the second is a closed-loop design where electrostatic actuation is used as a form of feedback. Both transducers are nonlinearly compensated, capable of self-test and provide digital outputs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-96
Number of pages14
JournalSystems Science
Volume26
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Acceleration measurement
  • Diagnosis
  • Diseases
  • Medical applications
  • Position measurement
  • Sensors
  • Velocity measurement
  • Electrostatic actuation
  • Open loop design
  • Smart accelerometers
  • Telecare medicine
  • Closed loop design
  • Accelerometers

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