Neural Network-Based Joint Spatial and Temporal Equalization for MIMO-VLC System

Sujan Rajbhandari, Hyunchae Chun, Grahame Faulkner, Harald Haas, Enyuan Xie, Jonathan J. D. McKendry, Johannes Herrnsdorf, Erdan Gu, Martin D. Dawson, Dominic O’Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
71 Downloads (Pure)


The limited bandwidth of white light-emitting diode (LED) limits the achievable data rate in a visible light communication (VLC) system. A number of techniques, including multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) system, are investigated to increase the data rate. The high-speed optical MIMO system suffers from both spatial and temporal cross talks. The spatial cross-talk is often compensated by the MIMO decoding algorithm, while the temporal cross talk is mitigated using an equalizer. However, the LEDs have a non-linear transfer function and the performance of linear equalizers are limited. In this letter, we propose a joint spatial and temporal equalization using an artificial neural network (ANN) for an MIMO-VLC system. We demonstrate using a practical imaging/non-imaging optical MIMO link that the ANN-based joint equalization outperforms the joint equalization using a traditional decision feedback as ANN is able to compensate the non-linear transfer function as well as cross talk.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8681630
Pages (from-to) 821 - 824
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Issue number11
Early online date4 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

© 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.


  • artificial neural network
  • joint equalization
  • multiple input multiple output
  • non-linear transfer function
  • Visible light communications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Neural Network-Based Joint Spatial and Temporal Equalization for MIMO-VLC System'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this