Nature tourism trends in Australia with reference to the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area

Nigel Hardiman, Shelley Burgin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Nature-based tourism has been viewed as a large and growing segment of the tourism market. Advocates of nature-based tourism argue its potential to generate income for biodiversity conservation and local economic benefit, while detractors fear a risk of “loving our parks to death”. Some recent studies have suggested that nature-based tourism may be declining on a per capita basis, especially in economically developed countries. Others have detected no such trend. Nature-based tourism is a key industry within Australia, based strongly on its unique scenery and biodiversity. We compared nature-based visitation and population growth during 1998–2012 for Australia overall and specifically for the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area which is adjacent to the country's largest conurbation of Greater Sydney. We found substantial declines in domestic percapita visitation, both nationally and regionally. Because visitation provides the “political capital” for parks to survive, strategies to encourage visitation should be a target for land managers. Since children foster environmentally responsible behaviour in adults, they should be part of the focus for developing diverse experiences that encourage park visitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-745
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Issue number6
Early online date2 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Destination planning
  • ecotourism
  • national park visitation
  • protected area management
  • tourism trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Nature tourism trends in Australia with reference to the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this