MuMHR: Multi-path, multi-hop hierarchical routing

M. Hammoudeh, A. Kurz, E. Gaura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a self-organizing, cluster based protocol- Multi-path, Multi-hop Hierarchical Routing (MuMHR) - for use in large scale, distributed Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). With MuMHR, robustness is achieved by each node learning multiple paths and election of cluster-head backup node(s). Energy expenditure is reduced by shortening the distance between the node and its cluster-head and by reducing the setup communication overhead. This is done through incorporating the number-of-hops metric in addition to the back-off waiting time. Simulation results show that MuMHR performs better than LEACH, which is the most promising hierarchical routing algorithm to date; MuMHR reduces the total number of set-up messages by up to 65% and enhances the data delivery ratio by up to 0.83. © 2007 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications, 2007. SensorComm 2007
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)0-7695-2988-7, 978-0-7695-2988-2
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2007
EventInternational Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 14 Oct 200720 Oct 2007


ConferenceInternational Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications


  • Detectors
  • Leaching
  • Routing algorithms
  • Routing protocols
  • Sensor networks
  • Sensors
  • Wireless telecommunication systems, Cluster-based protocol
  • Communication overheads
  • Data delivery
  • Distributed wireless sensor networks
  • energy expenditure
  • Hierarchical routing
  • Hierarchical routing algorithms
  • international conferences
  • Large scales
  • Multi hopping
  • Multi path
  • Multiple paths
  • Self Organizing
  • Sensor technologies
  • simulation results
  • Waiting-time, Wireless sensor networks


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