Multi-output response optimization for overall enhancement of mechanical characteristic using utility approach for AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel using microplasma arc welding

Srikant Prasad, Dibakor Boruah, Pintu Thakur

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

Abstract

This paper presents multi-output advancement for microplasma arc welding (MPAW) process using utility methodology. It is an advanced unconventional welding process in which very thin (usually less than 1 mm) metal surfaces are joined using plasma arc. A successful trial has been made to weld 0.5-mm-thick 316L stainless steel sheet. An attempt has been made to optimize the MPAW parameters for a desired equal-weighted multi-output such as ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, percentage elongation, Young’s modulus, and weld hardness at fusion zone and heat-affected zone. The design of experiments L27 orthogonal matrix was conducted using levels of several visually successful trials. An analytical tool analysis of variance and interaction has been clubbed with utility approach to get desired aim of experimentation. As per different work application, the different preferable weight can be incorporated into the output. The confirmation test correlated with the best-desired aim of the output parameter. It was observed that overall utility for all mechanical properties and corresponding S/N ratio is enhanced with 0.28 and 0.42 values, respectively. It was found that welding speed with 49.01% and pulse time with 13.21% are the most significant parameters. The enhancement in the responses confirmed the approach of the feasibility of utility analysis which can help to enhance the product reliability for an industrial application.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Computational Methods in Manufacturing
EditorsR. Ganesh Narayanan, Shrikrishna N. Joshi, Uday Shanker Dixit
PublisherSpringer, Singapore
Chapter50
Pages587-601
Number of pages15
Volume20
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-32-9072-3
ISBN (Print)978-981-32-9071-6
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Oct 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering
PublisherSpringer, Singapore
Volume20

Fingerprint

Electric arc welding
Austenitic stainless steel
Welding
Welds
Heat affected zone
Steel sheet
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Design of experiments
Industrial applications
Yield stress
Elongation
Tensile strength
Fusion reactions
Stainless steel
Elastic moduli
Hardness
Plasmas
Mechanical properties
Metals

Keywords

  • MPAW
  • Optimization
  • Overall utility
  • ANOVA

Cite this

Prasad, S., Boruah, D., & Thakur, P. (2019). Multi-output response optimization for overall enhancement of mechanical characteristic using utility approach for AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel using microplasma arc welding. In R. G. Narayanan, S. N. Joshi, & U. S. Dixit (Eds.), Advances in Computational Methods in Manufacturing (Vol. 20, pp. 587-601). (Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering; Vol. 20). Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9072-3_50

Multi-output response optimization for overall enhancement of mechanical characteristic using utility approach for AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel using microplasma arc welding. / Prasad, Srikant ; Boruah, Dibakor; Thakur, Pintu .

Advances in Computational Methods in Manufacturing. ed. / R. Ganesh Narayanan; Shrikrishna N. Joshi; Uday Shanker Dixit. Vol. 20 Springer, Singapore, 2019. p. 587-601 (Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering; Vol. 20).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

Prasad, S, Boruah, D & Thakur, P 2019, Multi-output response optimization for overall enhancement of mechanical characteristic using utility approach for AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel using microplasma arc welding. in RG Narayanan, SN Joshi & US Dixit (eds), Advances in Computational Methods in Manufacturing. vol. 20, Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering, vol. 20, Springer, Singapore, pp. 587-601. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9072-3_50
Prasad S, Boruah D, Thakur P. Multi-output response optimization for overall enhancement of mechanical characteristic using utility approach for AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel using microplasma arc welding. In Narayanan RG, Joshi SN, Dixit US, editors, Advances in Computational Methods in Manufacturing. Vol. 20. Springer, Singapore. 2019. p. 587-601. (Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9072-3_50
Prasad, Srikant ; Boruah, Dibakor ; Thakur, Pintu . / Multi-output response optimization for overall enhancement of mechanical characteristic using utility approach for AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel using microplasma arc welding. Advances in Computational Methods in Manufacturing. editor / R. Ganesh Narayanan ; Shrikrishna N. Joshi ; Uday Shanker Dixit. Vol. 20 Springer, Singapore, 2019. pp. 587-601 (Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering).
@inproceedings{77437b02b66546f7a163f35d46acd204,
title = "Multi-output response optimization for overall enhancement of mechanical characteristic using utility approach for AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel using microplasma arc welding",
abstract = "This paper presents multi-output advancement for microplasma arc welding (MPAW) process using utility methodology. It is an advanced unconventional welding process in which very thin (usually less than 1 mm) metal surfaces are joined using plasma arc. A successful trial has been made to weld 0.5-mm-thick 316L stainless steel sheet. An attempt has been made to optimize the MPAW parameters for a desired equal-weighted multi-output such as ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, percentage elongation, Young’s modulus, and weld hardness at fusion zone and heat-affected zone. The design of experiments L27 orthogonal matrix was conducted using levels of several visually successful trials. An analytical tool analysis of variance and interaction has been clubbed with utility approach to get desired aim of experimentation. As per different work application, the different preferable weight can be incorporated into the output. The confirmation test correlated with the best-desired aim of the output parameter. It was observed that overall utility for all mechanical properties and corresponding S/N ratio is enhanced with 0.28 and 0.42 values, respectively. It was found that welding speed with 49.01{\%} and pulse time with 13.21{\%} are the most significant parameters. The enhancement in the responses confirmed the approach of the feasibility of utility analysis which can help to enhance the product reliability for an industrial application.",
keywords = "MPAW, Optimization, Overall utility, ANOVA",
author = "Srikant Prasad and Dibakor Boruah and Pintu Thakur",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "18",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9072-3_50",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-981-32-9071-6",
volume = "20",
series = "Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering",
publisher = "Springer, Singapore",
pages = "587--601",
editor = "Narayanan, {R. Ganesh } and Joshi, {Shrikrishna N. } and Dixit, {Uday Shanker }",
booktitle = "Advances in Computational Methods in Manufacturing",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Multi-output response optimization for overall enhancement of mechanical characteristic using utility approach for AISI 316L austenitic stainless steel using microplasma arc welding

AU - Prasad, Srikant

AU - Boruah, Dibakor

AU - Thakur, Pintu

PY - 2019/10/18

Y1 - 2019/10/18

N2 - This paper presents multi-output advancement for microplasma arc welding (MPAW) process using utility methodology. It is an advanced unconventional welding process in which very thin (usually less than 1 mm) metal surfaces are joined using plasma arc. A successful trial has been made to weld 0.5-mm-thick 316L stainless steel sheet. An attempt has been made to optimize the MPAW parameters for a desired equal-weighted multi-output such as ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, percentage elongation, Young’s modulus, and weld hardness at fusion zone and heat-affected zone. The design of experiments L27 orthogonal matrix was conducted using levels of several visually successful trials. An analytical tool analysis of variance and interaction has been clubbed with utility approach to get desired aim of experimentation. As per different work application, the different preferable weight can be incorporated into the output. The confirmation test correlated with the best-desired aim of the output parameter. It was observed that overall utility for all mechanical properties and corresponding S/N ratio is enhanced with 0.28 and 0.42 values, respectively. It was found that welding speed with 49.01% and pulse time with 13.21% are the most significant parameters. The enhancement in the responses confirmed the approach of the feasibility of utility analysis which can help to enhance the product reliability for an industrial application.

AB - This paper presents multi-output advancement for microplasma arc welding (MPAW) process using utility methodology. It is an advanced unconventional welding process in which very thin (usually less than 1 mm) metal surfaces are joined using plasma arc. A successful trial has been made to weld 0.5-mm-thick 316L stainless steel sheet. An attempt has been made to optimize the MPAW parameters for a desired equal-weighted multi-output such as ultimate tensile strength, yield strength, percentage elongation, Young’s modulus, and weld hardness at fusion zone and heat-affected zone. The design of experiments L27 orthogonal matrix was conducted using levels of several visually successful trials. An analytical tool analysis of variance and interaction has been clubbed with utility approach to get desired aim of experimentation. As per different work application, the different preferable weight can be incorporated into the output. The confirmation test correlated with the best-desired aim of the output parameter. It was observed that overall utility for all mechanical properties and corresponding S/N ratio is enhanced with 0.28 and 0.42 values, respectively. It was found that welding speed with 49.01% and pulse time with 13.21% are the most significant parameters. The enhancement in the responses confirmed the approach of the feasibility of utility analysis which can help to enhance the product reliability for an industrial application.

KW - MPAW

KW - Optimization

KW - Overall utility

KW - ANOVA

U2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9072-3_50

DO - https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-32-9072-3_50

M3 - Conference proceeding

SN - 978-981-32-9071-6

VL - 20

T3 - Lecture Notes on Multidisciplinary Industrial Engineering

SP - 587

EP - 601

BT - Advances in Computational Methods in Manufacturing

A2 - Narayanan, R. Ganesh

A2 - Joshi, Shrikrishna N.

A2 - Dixit, Uday Shanker

PB - Springer, Singapore

ER -