Monitoring Symptoms of Infectious Diseases: Perspectives for Printed Wearable Sensors

Ala’aldeen Al-Halhouli, Ahmed Albagdady, Ja’far Alawadi, Mahmoud Abu Abeeleh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


Infectious diseases possess a serious threat to the world’s population, economies, and healthcare systems. In this review, we cover the infectious diseases that are most likely to cause a pandemic according to the WHO (World Health Organization). The list includes COVID-19, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF), Ebola Virus Disease (EBOV), Marburg Virus Disease (MARV), Lassa Hemorrhagic Fever (LHF), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Nipah Virus diseases (NiV), and Rift Valley fever (RVF). This review also investigates research trends in infectious diseases by analyzing published research history on each disease from 2000–2020 in PubMed. A comprehensive review of sensor printing methods including flexographic printing, gravure printing, inkjet printing, and screen printing is conducted to provide guidelines for the best method depending on the printing scale, resolution, design modification ability, and other requirements. Printed sensors for respiratory rate, heart rate, oxygen saturation, body temperature, and blood pressure are reviewed for the possibility of being used for disease symptom monitoring. Printed wearable sensors are of great potential for continuous monitoring of vital signs in patients and the quarantined as tools for epidemiological screening.

Original languageEnglish
Article number620
Number of pages35
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (


The work done in this study was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research at the German Jordanian University under grant number SATS01/2019 and by the Scientific Research & Innovation Support Fund under the grant number Cor-ENG/1/2/2020.


  • Blood pressure
  • Heart rate
  • Infectious diseases
  • Inkjet printing
  • Pulse oximeter
  • Respiratory rate
  • Screen printing
  • Wearable sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering


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