1. 1. Vasopressin, a mammalian neurohypophysial peptide hormone, has diverse physiological actions. 2. 2. Pharmacological studies, using a range of mammalian tissues, have identified three subtypes of vasopressin receptor. 3. 3. The V1a subtype of vasopressin receptor is widely distributed and mediates many central and peripheral actions of vasopressin. 4. 4. The development of subtype-selective vasopressin analogues has provided valuable tools for pharmacological and physical studies of the V1a receptor protein. 5. 5. Pharmacological differences indicate species heterogeneity in the characteristics of V1a receptors and in the expression of hepatic V1a receptors. 6. 6. The cloning of neurohypophysial hormone receptor proteins allows structural and functional comparison of the V1a vasopressin receptors with other G-protein-coupled receptors.
- peptide hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas