Moderate to vigorous physical activity level but not BMI is associated with balance scores in British adolescents

    Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

    Abstract

    Background: Balance is a fundamental movement skill crucial for activities of daily living and physical activity (PA), with poor balance being a risk for injury in both children and adolescents. Large numbers of young people are overweight and inactive. Low balance scores in young males are negatively associated with an increased weight status (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%,). The negative effect of balance and motor performance is accepted, but the degree to which PA levels influence dynamic balance in adolescents has yet to be explored. Purpose: This study sought to examine the levels of dynamic balance in young people to investigate any correlation between the latter and BMI or Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA). Methods: One hundred and fifteen secondary school adolescents (55 girls, 60 boys mean age 13.92 years ± .66) were assessed for height (m) and body mass (kg) using a Seca stadiometre and weighing scales (Seca Instruments, Germany) from which body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) was determined. The Y balance was used to assess dynamic balance. This is a reliable and valid tool for adolescents. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to determine levels of habitual MVPA from which a dichotomous (high vs low MVPA calculated in METs) variable was created using a median split. Correlations between dynamic balance, MVPA and BMI were calculated. ANCOVA analysis enabled the differences in the dependant variables between fitness and gender groups to be analysed controlling for any impact of weight status whilst at the same time enabling the association between the dependant variables and the covariate to be determined. Results: Pearson's product moment correlations indicated a significant correlation (p = .0001) between dynamic balance and total METs (r = .403). A 2 (gender) by 2 (high vs low MVPA) way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), controlling for BMI, indicated significant gender (p = .026) and MVPA level (p = .002) main effects. Girls, and adolescents with high MVPA, had better Y-balance scores than boys and adolescents with low MVPA respectively. BMI was not significant as a covariate (p = .177). Conclusion(s): The results of the present study suggests it is the level of physical activity (MVPA) not BMI that has a stronger influence on dynamic balance. Future research examining how MVPA interventions modify dynamic balance would be useful in understanding any cause and effect relationship between the variables studied here. Implications: This study suggests that dynamic balance appears to be associated with MVPA independent of BMI. Physiotherapy is promoting exercise as being important for general health, however the intensity should be considered in relationship to balance.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)e844-e845
    JournalPhysiotherapy
    Volume101
    Issue numberSupplement 1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2015
    EventWorld Confederation for Physical Therapy Congress - , Singapore
    Duration: 1 May 20154 May 2015

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    Exercise
    Activities of Daily Living
    Weights and Measures
    Body Height
    Germany
    Adipose Tissue
    Body Mass Index

    Bibliographical note

    This paper is not available on the repository

    Keywords

    • Inactivity
    • Weight status
    • Young people

    Cite this

    @article{c6962e5198c746b4b8178a4d0a7024f2,
    title = "Moderate to vigorous physical activity level but not BMI is associated with balance scores in British adolescents",
    abstract = "Background: Balance is a fundamental movement skill crucial for activities of daily living and physical activity (PA), with poor balance being a risk for injury in both children and adolescents. Large numbers of young people are overweight and inactive. Low balance scores in young males are negatively associated with an increased weight status (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF{\%},). The negative effect of balance and motor performance is accepted, but the degree to which PA levels influence dynamic balance in adolescents has yet to be explored. Purpose: This study sought to examine the levels of dynamic balance in young people to investigate any correlation between the latter and BMI or Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA). Methods: One hundred and fifteen secondary school adolescents (55 girls, 60 boys mean age 13.92 years ± .66) were assessed for height (m) and body mass (kg) using a Seca stadiometre and weighing scales (Seca Instruments, Germany) from which body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) was determined. The Y balance was used to assess dynamic balance. This is a reliable and valid tool for adolescents. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to determine levels of habitual MVPA from which a dichotomous (high vs low MVPA calculated in METs) variable was created using a median split. Correlations between dynamic balance, MVPA and BMI were calculated. ANCOVA analysis enabled the differences in the dependant variables between fitness and gender groups to be analysed controlling for any impact of weight status whilst at the same time enabling the association between the dependant variables and the covariate to be determined. Results: Pearson's product moment correlations indicated a significant correlation (p = .0001) between dynamic balance and total METs (r = .403). A 2 (gender) by 2 (high vs low MVPA) way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), controlling for BMI, indicated significant gender (p = .026) and MVPA level (p = .002) main effects. Girls, and adolescents with high MVPA, had better Y-balance scores than boys and adolescents with low MVPA respectively. BMI was not significant as a covariate (p = .177). Conclusion(s): The results of the present study suggests it is the level of physical activity (MVPA) not BMI that has a stronger influence on dynamic balance. Future research examining how MVPA interventions modify dynamic balance would be useful in understanding any cause and effect relationship between the variables studied here. Implications: This study suggests that dynamic balance appears to be associated with MVPA independent of BMI. Physiotherapy is promoting exercise as being important for general health, however the intensity should be considered in relationship to balance.",
    keywords = "Inactivity, Weight status, Young people",
    author = "Sheila Leddington-Wright and Emma Eyre and E, Bryant and M. Stanley and Joanne Hankey and Mike Duncan",
    note = "This paper is not available on the repository",
    year = "2015",
    month = "5",
    doi = "10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1664",
    language = "English",
    volume = "101",
    pages = "e844--e845",
    journal = "Physiotherapy",
    issn = "0031-9406",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "Supplement 1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Moderate to vigorous physical activity level but not BMI is associated with balance scores in British adolescents

    AU - Leddington-Wright, Sheila

    AU - Eyre, Emma

    AU - Bryant, E,

    AU - Stanley, M.

    AU - Hankey, Joanne

    AU - Duncan, Mike

    N1 - This paper is not available on the repository

    PY - 2015/5

    Y1 - 2015/5

    N2 - Background: Balance is a fundamental movement skill crucial for activities of daily living and physical activity (PA), with poor balance being a risk for injury in both children and adolescents. Large numbers of young people are overweight and inactive. Low balance scores in young males are negatively associated with an increased weight status (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%,). The negative effect of balance and motor performance is accepted, but the degree to which PA levels influence dynamic balance in adolescents has yet to be explored. Purpose: This study sought to examine the levels of dynamic balance in young people to investigate any correlation between the latter and BMI or Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA). Methods: One hundred and fifteen secondary school adolescents (55 girls, 60 boys mean age 13.92 years ± .66) were assessed for height (m) and body mass (kg) using a Seca stadiometre and weighing scales (Seca Instruments, Germany) from which body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) was determined. The Y balance was used to assess dynamic balance. This is a reliable and valid tool for adolescents. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to determine levels of habitual MVPA from which a dichotomous (high vs low MVPA calculated in METs) variable was created using a median split. Correlations between dynamic balance, MVPA and BMI were calculated. ANCOVA analysis enabled the differences in the dependant variables between fitness and gender groups to be analysed controlling for any impact of weight status whilst at the same time enabling the association between the dependant variables and the covariate to be determined. Results: Pearson's product moment correlations indicated a significant correlation (p = .0001) between dynamic balance and total METs (r = .403). A 2 (gender) by 2 (high vs low MVPA) way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), controlling for BMI, indicated significant gender (p = .026) and MVPA level (p = .002) main effects. Girls, and adolescents with high MVPA, had better Y-balance scores than boys and adolescents with low MVPA respectively. BMI was not significant as a covariate (p = .177). Conclusion(s): The results of the present study suggests it is the level of physical activity (MVPA) not BMI that has a stronger influence on dynamic balance. Future research examining how MVPA interventions modify dynamic balance would be useful in understanding any cause and effect relationship between the variables studied here. Implications: This study suggests that dynamic balance appears to be associated with MVPA independent of BMI. Physiotherapy is promoting exercise as being important for general health, however the intensity should be considered in relationship to balance.

    AB - Background: Balance is a fundamental movement skill crucial for activities of daily living and physical activity (PA), with poor balance being a risk for injury in both children and adolescents. Large numbers of young people are overweight and inactive. Low balance scores in young males are negatively associated with an increased weight status (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF%,). The negative effect of balance and motor performance is accepted, but the degree to which PA levels influence dynamic balance in adolescents has yet to be explored. Purpose: This study sought to examine the levels of dynamic balance in young people to investigate any correlation between the latter and BMI or Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA). Methods: One hundred and fifteen secondary school adolescents (55 girls, 60 boys mean age 13.92 years ± .66) were assessed for height (m) and body mass (kg) using a Seca stadiometre and weighing scales (Seca Instruments, Germany) from which body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) was determined. The Y balance was used to assess dynamic balance. This is a reliable and valid tool for adolescents. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to determine levels of habitual MVPA from which a dichotomous (high vs low MVPA calculated in METs) variable was created using a median split. Correlations between dynamic balance, MVPA and BMI were calculated. ANCOVA analysis enabled the differences in the dependant variables between fitness and gender groups to be analysed controlling for any impact of weight status whilst at the same time enabling the association between the dependant variables and the covariate to be determined. Results: Pearson's product moment correlations indicated a significant correlation (p = .0001) between dynamic balance and total METs (r = .403). A 2 (gender) by 2 (high vs low MVPA) way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), controlling for BMI, indicated significant gender (p = .026) and MVPA level (p = .002) main effects. Girls, and adolescents with high MVPA, had better Y-balance scores than boys and adolescents with low MVPA respectively. BMI was not significant as a covariate (p = .177). Conclusion(s): The results of the present study suggests it is the level of physical activity (MVPA) not BMI that has a stronger influence on dynamic balance. Future research examining how MVPA interventions modify dynamic balance would be useful in understanding any cause and effect relationship between the variables studied here. Implications: This study suggests that dynamic balance appears to be associated with MVPA independent of BMI. Physiotherapy is promoting exercise as being important for general health, however the intensity should be considered in relationship to balance.

    KW - Inactivity

    KW - Weight status

    KW - Young people

    U2 - 10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1664

    DO - 10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1664

    M3 - Meeting Abstract

    VL - 101

    SP - e844-e845

    JO - Physiotherapy

    JF - Physiotherapy

    SN - 0031-9406

    IS - Supplement 1

    ER -