Modelling of Biodiesel and Diesel Fuel Droplet Heating and Evaporation

S. Sazhin, Mansour Al Qubeissi, M. Heikal

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    Abstract

    New results of the investigation of biodiesel fuel droplet heating and evaporation, using previously developed models, are presented. Temperature gradient, recirculation and species diffusion within the droplets are taken into account. The results of calculations, taking into account the contribution of all components of biodiesel fuels (up to 16) and assuming that these fuels can be treated as a one component fuel, are discussed. It is pointed out that there are serious problems with the application of the approach, based on the analysis of diffusion of individual components, to the modelling of heating and evaporation of realistic Diesel fuel droplets, as the latter include more than 100 components. In our earlier papers, a new approach to the modelling of heating and evaporation of multi-component droplets, suitable for the case when a large number of components are present in the droplets, was suggested. This approach was based on the introduction of quasi-components, and the model was called the "quasi-discrete" model. It is pointed out that there are two main problems with the application of the quasi-discrete model to realistic Diesel fuels. Firstly, even if we restrict our analysis to alkanes alone, it appears not to be easy to approximate this distribution with a reasonably simple distribution function. Secondly, the contributions of other hydrocarbon families in addition to alkanes cannot be ignored in any realistic model of Diesel fuels. Some results of the development of the generalised multi-dimensional version of the quasi-discrete model and its application to realistic Diesel fuel droplets are presented.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages2403-2414
    Number of pages12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventInternational Heat Transfer Conference - Kyoto, Japan
    Duration: 10 Aug 201415 Aug 2014
    http://www.ihtcdigitallibrary.com/conferences/ihtc15.html

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Heat Transfer Conference
    Abbreviated titleIHTC-15
    Country/TerritoryJapan
    CityKyoto
    Period10/08/1415/08/14
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • Boiling and evaporation
    • Spray and atomization
    • Modelling
    • Fuels
    • droblets
    • heating and evaporation
    • biofuel
    • Biodiesel

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
    • Automotive Engineering
    • Fuel Technology
    • Mechanical Engineering

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