In the design of the controllers of hybrid renewable energy system (HRES), the system dynamics and constraints need to be modelled and simulated in conjunction with the controller itself. This paper presents mathematical and equivalent electrical models taking into consideration all system dynamics and constraints for the solar branch of HRES. This branch consists of photovoltaic (PV) array, load and battery connected through a boost-type DC–DC converter. The probabilistic behaviour of the solar irradiance, which intrinsically includes the effect of cloud shading, and the dynamics of the battery are also modelled. The platform developed for dynamic simulation of the solar branch of HRES can be employed for design of DC–DC converter controllers as well as design of energy management systems.
|Number of pages
|International Journal of Computational Methods and Experimental Measurements
|Published - 2014
- Boost-type DC–DC converter
- Electrical load
- Energy management system
- Hybrid renewable energy system