Modeling and Simulation of the Aerodynamic Noise of High-Speed Train's Pantograph

R. E. Shaltout, N. M. Aljameel, A. F. Abdelgawad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
80 Downloads (Pure)


This article aims to investigate the aerodynamic noise of the pantograph of the high-speed trains in different operating conditions. CFD technique was used to assess the acoustic noise of the pantograph components. Three-dimensional computational simulations were performed using FLUENT software. Comprehensive analyses of the acoustic pressure and the air velocity distributions were accomplished for the detailed full-scale pantograph components. Good agreement was found between the obtained results and the reported results in the literature. Vortex shedding was the main source of noise at the pantograph panhead and knee. A modified model for the pantograph was introduced to reduce the aerodynamic noise of the pantograph's panhead. A different design profile for the collector was presented as a possible solution for the reduction of both the aerodynamic noise and the reduction of the fluctuating forces at the panhead-catenary interaction, which affects the quality of the power transmitted to the high-speed train. The cylindrical cross-section of the panhead bars was replaced with different cross-sections. It was noticed that at a speed of 250 km/hr, the use of an elliptic cross-section has resulted in an almost 23.1% reduction in the acoustic sound pressure for the pantograph.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1164017
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Engineering (United Kingdom)
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This is is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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