Model to predict motion sickness within autonomous vehicles

Spencer Salter, Cyriel Diels, Paul Herriotts, Stratis Kanarachos, Doug Thake

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)
    418 Downloads (Pure)


    Background: Motion sickness is common within most forms of transport; it affects most of the population who experience varied symptoms at some stage in their lives. Thus far, there has been no specific method to quantify the predicted levels of motion sickness for a given vehicle design, task and route. Objective: To develop a motion sickness virtual prediction tool that includes the following inputs: human motion, vision, vehicle motion, occupant task and vehicle design. Method: A time domain analysis using a multi-body systems approach has been developed to provide the raw data for post-processing of vehicle motion, occupant motion and vision, based on a virtual route designed to provoke motion sickness, while the digital occupant undertakes a specific non-driving related task. Results: Predicted motion sickness levels are shared for a simple positional sweep of a vehicle cabin due to a prescribed motion and task. Two additional examples are shared within this study; first, it was found that the model can predict the difference found between sitting forwards and backwards in an autonomous vehicle. Second, analysis of a respected and independent study into auxiliary display height shows that the model can predict both relative and absolute levels between the two display heights congruent to the original physical experiment. Conclusion: It has been shown that the tool has been successful in predicting motion sickness in autonomous vehicles and is therefore of great use in guiding new future mobility solutions in the ability to tune vehicle dynamics and control alongside vision and design attributes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1330-1345
    Number of pages16
    JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering
    Issue number5
    Early online date10 Oct 2019
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020


    • Automated vehicle
    • motion sickness
    • simulation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Aerospace Engineering
    • Mechanical Engineering


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