Mobile computing and communications-driven fog-assisted disaster evacuation techniques for context-aware guidance support: A survey

Ibnu Febry Kurniawan, A. Taufiq Asyhari, Fei He, Ye Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
146 Downloads (Pure)


The importance of an optimal solution for disaster evacuation has recently raised attention from researchers across multiple disciplines. This is not only a serious, but also a challenging task due to the complexities of the evacuees’ behaviors, route planning, and demanding coordination services. Although existing studies have addressed these challenges to some extent, mass evacuation in natural disasters tends to be difficult to predict and manage due to the limitation of the underlying models to capture realistic situations. It is therefore desirable to have on-demand mechanisms of locally-driven computing and data exchange services in order to enable near real-time capture of the disaster area during the evacuation. For this purpose, this paper comprehensively surveys recent advances in information and communication technology-enabled disaster evacuations, with the focus on fog computation and communication services to support a massive evacuation process. A numerous variety of tools and techniques are encapsulated within a coordinated on-demand strategy of an evacuation platform, which is aimed to provide a situational awareness and response. Herein fog services appear to be one of the viable options for responsive mass evacuation because they enable low latency data processing and dissemination. They can additionally provide data analytics support for autonomous learning for both the short-term guidance supports and long-term usages. This work extends the existing data-oriented framework by outlining comprehensive functionalities and providing seamless integration. We review the principles, challenges, and future direction of the state-of-the-art strategies proposed to sit within each functionality. Taken together, this survey highlights the importance of adaptive coordination and reconfiguration within the fog services to facilitate responsive mass evacuations as well as open up new research challenges associated with analytics-embedding network and computation, which is critical for any disaster recovery activities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-216
Number of pages22
JournalComputer Communications
Early online date10 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021

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Directorate General of Resources for Science, Technology and Higher Education, Indonesia.


  • Disaster recovery
  • Evacuatiion guidance
  • Fog
  • Fog computing
  • Fog communications
  • Collaborative analytics
  • Evacuation guidance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


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