Microstructural considerations of enhanced tensile strength and mechanical constraint in a copper/stainless steel brazed joint

Y. Li, D. Parfitt, P. E.J. Flewitt, X. Hou, J. Quinta de Fonseca, B. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
75 Downloads (Pure)


The microscopic and macroscopic material strengthening mechanisms encountered in brazed joints were experimentally investigated and quantified in this work. Microstructural contribution towards the overall strength of a stainless steel brazed joint was evaluated by conducting multi-scale microstructural characterisations. Theoretical evaluation of the collected microstructural data suggests a Cu–Mn solid-solution strengthening enhancement of ~200 MPa towards the overall joint strength. The mechanical constraint effect was considered as the macroscopic strengthening mechanism, as revealed by comparing two identical joints but with their interfaces orientated at 90° and 45°with respect to the applied load. Bridgman necking criteria was applied to derive the longitudinal flow stress for the 90° joint configuration. The discrepancy (~330 MPa) between the calculated and experimentally determined strengths can thus be concluded as the contribution of mechanical constraint. In addition, the pile-up of geometrically necessary dislocations (GNDs) was observed at the base-filler metal interface for the 90° joint, but a homogeneous GND distribution was revealed for the 45° one. This observation indicates that GNDs were introduced to accommodate deformation incompatibility imposed by the mechanical constraint. This finding is thus considered as an experimental (microscopic) evidence for strain inhomogeneity due to the presence of mechanical constraint.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139992
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Early online date9 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Under a Creative Commons license


EPSRC Grant: EP/R043973/1


  • Brazing
  • Geometrically necessary dislocation
  • Mechanical constraint
  • Plastic flow
  • Strengthening mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Microstructural considerations of enhanced tensile strength and mechanical constraint in a copper/stainless steel brazed joint'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this