Microscopic and macroscopic impingement characteristics of a single jet were investigated under various flash boiling conditions. The influences of split injection strategy and the related interaction between split injections were studied. The fuel concentration distribution during the impingement process was also quantified. It was found that non-flash boiling condition lead to large secondary droplets and ligaments, resulting in a large amount of liquid fuel deposited on the impact surface. The boosted flash boiling could effectively reduce the sizes of primary droplets and secondary droplets and the resultant deposited fuel. The employment of split injection strategy could further decrease the deposited fuel. The second split injection built up the fuel film more quickly than the first injection due to the existence of the built fuel film by the first injection, however, increasing flash boiling strength decreased the building-up rate by improving dispersion and evaporation. In addition, the concentration of the deposited fuel on the surface could effectively be reduced by enhanced flash boiling and the lifetime of dense fuel was shortened by increasing dwell interval between split injections.
- Flash boiling
- Split injection