Metabolism of Androstenone, 17β-Estradiol and Dihydrotestosterone in Primary Cultured Pig Hepatocytes and the Role of 3β-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase in This Process

G. Chen, D. Zhu, Y. Li, Y. Bai, M. Fang, L. Ren, Huda Al-Kateb

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Abstract

Steroids metabolism plays an important role in mammals and contributes to quality of pig meat. The main objective of this study was to identify metabolites of androstenone, 17β-estradiol and dihydrotestosterone using primary cultured pig hepatocytes as a model system. The role of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3βHSD) in regulation of steroid metabolism was also validated using trilostane, a specific 3βHSD inhibitor. Steroid glucuronide conjugated metabolites were detected by liquid chromatography time of flight mass spectrometry (LC-TOF-MS). 3βHSD enzyme was essential for metabolism of androstenone to 5α-androst-16-en-3β-ol, which then formed androstenone glucuronide conjugate. Metabolism of 17β-estradiol was accompanied by formation of glucuronide-conjugated estrone and glucuronide-conjugated estradiol. The ratio of the two metabolites was around 5∶1. 3βHSD enzyme was not involved in 17β-estradiol metabolism. 5α-Dihydrotestosterone-17β-glucuronide was identified as a dihydrotestosterone metabolite, and this metabolism was related to 3βHSD enzyme activity as demonstrated by inhibition study.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere113194
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2015

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The full text is also available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113194

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