Meta-analysis of experimental results for heat capacity and thermal conductivity in lithium-ion batteries: A critical review

Marco Steinhardt, Jorge V. Barreras, Haijun Ruan, Billy Wu, Gregory J. Offer, Andreas Jossen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)
146 Downloads (Pure)


Scenarios with rapid energy conversion for lithium-ion batteries are increasingly relevant, due to the desire for more powerful electric tools or faster charging electric vehicles. However, higher power means higher cooling requirements, affecting the battery temperature and its thermal gradients. In turn, temperature is a key quantity influencing battery performance, safety and lifetime. Therefore, thermal models are increasingly important for the design and operation of battery systems. Key parameters are specific heat capacity and thermal conductivity. For these parameters, this paper presents a comprehensive review of the experimental results in the literature, where the median values and corresponding uncertainties are summarized. Whenever available, data is analyzed from component to cell level with the discussion of dependencies on temperature, state of charge (SOC) and state of health (SOH). This meta-analysis reveals gaps in knowledge and research needs. For instance, we uncover inconsistencies between the specific heat capacity of electrode-separator stacks and full-cells. For the thermal conductivity, we found that thermal contact resistance and dependencies on battery states have been poorly studied. There is also a lack of measurements at high temperatures, which are required for safety studies. Overall, this study serves as a valuable reference material for both modellers and experimenters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230829
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Early online date17 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes


This work was kindly supported by Innovate UK Battery Advanced for Future Transport Applications (BAFTA) project ( 104428 ), the EPSRC Faraday Institution's Multi-Scale Modelling Project [ EP/S003053/1 , grant number FIRG003 ], the EPSRC Joint UK-India Clean Energy Centre (JUICE) [ EP/P003605/1 ], the EPSRC Integrated Development of Low-Carbon Energy Systems (IDLES) project [ EP/R045518/1 ], and by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) [ 03ET6153C iMoBatt].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


  • Heat capacity
  • Li-ion battery
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Thermal contact resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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