Mediating Effect of Hope on the Relationship Between Depression and Recovery in Persons With Schizophrenia

Sri Padma Sari, Murti Agustin, Diyan Yuli Wijayanti, Widodo Sarjana, Umi Afrikhah, Kwisoon Choe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Depression and hope are considered pivotal variables in the recovery process of people with schizophrenia. Aim: This study examined the moderating effect of depression on the relationship between hope and recovery, and the mediating effect of hope on the relationship between depression and recovery in persons with schizophrenia. Methods: The model was tested empirically using the data of 115 persons with schizophrenia from Central Java Province, Indonesia. The Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia, Schizophrenia Hope Scale-9, and Recovery Assessment Scale were used to measure participants' depression, hope, and recovery, respectively. Results: The findings supported the hypothesis that depression moderates the relationship between hope and recovery, and hope mediates the relationship between depression and recovery. Conclusions: The findings suggest that mental health professionals need to focus on instilling hope and reducing depression to help improve the recovery of persons with schizophrenia. Furthermore, mental health professionals should actively develop and implement programs to instill hope and continuously evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions, particularly in community-based and in-patient mental health settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number627588
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.


  • depression
  • hope
  • mediating effect
  • moderating effect
  • recovery
  • schizophrenia depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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