Media Violence and Other Aggression Risk Factors in Seven Nations

Craig A. Anderson, Kanae Suzuki, Edward L. Swing, Christopher L. Groves, Douglas A. Gentile, Sara Prot, Chun Pan Lam, Akira Sakamoto, Yukiko Horiuchi, Barbara Krahé, Margareta Jelic, Wei Liuqing, Roxana Toma, Wayne A. Warburton, Xue-Min Zhang, Sachi Tajima, Feng Qing, Poesis Petrescu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


Cultural generality versus specificity of media violence effects on aggression was examined in seven countries (Australia, China, Croatia, Germany, Japan, Romania, the United States). Participants reported aggressive behaviors, media use habits, and several other known risk and protective factors for aggression. Across nations, exposure to violent screen media was positively associated with aggression. This effect was partially mediated by aggressive cognitions and empathy. The media violence effect on aggression remained significant even after statistically controlling a number of relevant risk and protective factors (e.g., abusive parenting, peer delinquency), and was similar in magnitude to effects of other risk factors. In support of the cumulative risk model, joint effects of different risk factors on aggressive behavior in each culture were larger than effects of any individual risk factor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)986-998
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number7
Early online date7 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • mass media
  • aggression
  • culture/ethnicity


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