Mechanical behavior, bonding nature and defect processes of Mo2ScAlC2: A new ordered MAX phase

M. A. Hadi, S. H. Naqib, Stavros Christopoulos, Alexander Chroneos, A. K. M. A. Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
24 Downloads (Pure)


In the present study, we employed density functional theory calculations to investigate the mechanical behavior, bonding nature and defect processes of the new ordered MAX phase Mo2ScAlC2. The mechanical stability of the compound is verified with its single crystal elastic constants. The new phase Mo2ScAlC2 is anticipated to be prone to shear along the crystallographic b and c axes, when a rational force is applied to the crystallographic a axis. The compressibility along the 〈001〉 direction under uniaxial stress is expected to be easier in Mo2ScAlC2. Additionally, the volume deformation should be easier in Mo2ScAlC2 than the isostructural Mo2TiAlC2. Mo2ScAlC2 is predicted to behave in a brittle manner. Due to its higher Debye temperature, Mo2ScAlC2 is expected to be thermally more conductive than Mo2TiAlC2. The cross-slip pining procedure should be significantly easier in Mo2ScAlC2 as compared to Mo2TiAlC2. The new ordered MAX phase Mo2ScAlC2 has a mixed character of strong covalent and metallic bonding with limited ionic nature. Both MoC and MoAl bonds are expected to be more covalent in Mo2ScAlC2 than those of Mo2TiAlC2. The level of covalency of ScC bond is somewhat low compared to a similar bond TiC in Mo2ScAlC2. Due to its reduced hardness Mo2ScAlC2, it should be softer and more easily machinable compared to Mo2TiAlC2. The intrinsic defect processes reveal that the level of radiation tolerance in Mo2ScAlC2 is not as high as in other MAX phases such as Ti3AlC2

Publisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Alloys and Compounds. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Alloys and Compounds, [724, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.07.110

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1175
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Early online date14 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2017


  • New MAX phase Mo2ScAlC2
  • Mechanical behavior
  • Bonding nature
  • Defect processes


Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanical behavior, bonding nature and defect processes of Mo2ScAlC2: A new ordered MAX phase'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this