Measuring supernatural belief implicitly using the Affect Misattribution Procedure

Robert M. Ross, Jazmin L. Brown-Iannuzzi, Will M. Gervais, Jonathan Jong, Jonathan A. Lanman, Ryan McKay, Gordon Pennycook

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Asking about religious beliefs, or lack thereof, is a sensitive and complex issue. Due to cultural norms, people may be motivated to respond in a socially desirable way. In addition, deliberating about beliefs may yield different responses than intuition-based responses. To develop a better understanding of the relationship between intuition and self-reported belief, we developed a new implicit measure of supernatural belief. Specifically, we adapted the Affective Misattribution Procedure (AMP) to measure supernatural belief. In a preregistered online study of 404 American participants, we found that the strength of associations between supernatural entities (e.g., god, devil, heaven) and the concept “real” (as opposed to the concept “imaginary”) predicted self-reported supernatural belief and self-reported religious behavior, and these associations were of comparable magnitude to those found in studies where supernatural belief was measured implicitly using the Implicit Association Test (IAT). These results provide provisional evidence that the AMP can be used as an implicit measure of supernatural belief.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
    Number of pages15
    JournalReligion, Brain and Behavior
    Volume(In-Press)
    Early online date24 Jun 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Jun 2019

    Fingerprint

    Intuition
    Religion

    Keywords

    • Affect Misattribution Procedure
    • belief
    • implicit
    • prime
    • religiosity
    • Semantic Misattribution Procedure
    • supernatural

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

    Cite this

    Ross, R. M., Brown-Iannuzzi, J. L., Gervais, W. M., Jong, J., Lanman, J. A., McKay, R., & Pennycook, G. (2019). Measuring supernatural belief implicitly using the Affect Misattribution Procedure. Religion, Brain and Behavior, (In-Press), (In-Press). https://doi.org/10.1080/2153599X.2019.1619620

    Measuring supernatural belief implicitly using the Affect Misattribution Procedure. / Ross, Robert M.; Brown-Iannuzzi, Jazmin L.; Gervais, Will M.; Jong, Jonathan; Lanman, Jonathan A.; McKay, Ryan; Pennycook, Gordon.

    In: Religion, Brain and Behavior, Vol. (In-Press), 24.06.2019, p. (In-Press).

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ross, RM, Brown-Iannuzzi, JL, Gervais, WM, Jong, J, Lanman, JA, McKay, R & Pennycook, G 2019, 'Measuring supernatural belief implicitly using the Affect Misattribution Procedure' Religion, Brain and Behavior, vol. (In-Press), pp. (In-Press). https://doi.org/10.1080/2153599X.2019.1619620
    Ross, Robert M. ; Brown-Iannuzzi, Jazmin L. ; Gervais, Will M. ; Jong, Jonathan ; Lanman, Jonathan A. ; McKay, Ryan ; Pennycook, Gordon. / Measuring supernatural belief implicitly using the Affect Misattribution Procedure. In: Religion, Brain and Behavior. 2019 ; Vol. (In-Press). pp. (In-Press).
    @article{30cb4c94223b4dffb9fa9e550f36b0c3,
    title = "Measuring supernatural belief implicitly using the Affect Misattribution Procedure",
    abstract = "Asking about religious beliefs, or lack thereof, is a sensitive and complex issue. Due to cultural norms, people may be motivated to respond in a socially desirable way. In addition, deliberating about beliefs may yield different responses than intuition-based responses. To develop a better understanding of the relationship between intuition and self-reported belief, we developed a new implicit measure of supernatural belief. Specifically, we adapted the Affective Misattribution Procedure (AMP) to measure supernatural belief. In a preregistered online study of 404 American participants, we found that the strength of associations between supernatural entities (e.g., god, devil, heaven) and the concept “real” (as opposed to the concept “imaginary”) predicted self-reported supernatural belief and self-reported religious behavior, and these associations were of comparable magnitude to those found in studies where supernatural belief was measured implicitly using the Implicit Association Test (IAT). These results provide provisional evidence that the AMP can be used as an implicit measure of supernatural belief.",
    keywords = "Affect Misattribution Procedure, belief, implicit, prime, religiosity, Semantic Misattribution Procedure, supernatural",
    author = "Ross, {Robert M.} and Brown-Iannuzzi, {Jazmin L.} and Gervais, {Will M.} and Jonathan Jong and Lanman, {Jonathan A.} and Ryan McKay and Gordon Pennycook",
    year = "2019",
    month = "6",
    day = "24",
    doi = "10.1080/2153599X.2019.1619620",
    language = "English",
    volume = "(In-Press)",
    pages = "(In--Press)",
    journal = "Religion, Brain & Behavior",
    issn = "2153-599X",
    publisher = "Taylor & Francis",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Measuring supernatural belief implicitly using the Affect Misattribution Procedure

    AU - Ross, Robert M.

    AU - Brown-Iannuzzi, Jazmin L.

    AU - Gervais, Will M.

    AU - Jong, Jonathan

    AU - Lanman, Jonathan A.

    AU - McKay, Ryan

    AU - Pennycook, Gordon

    PY - 2019/6/24

    Y1 - 2019/6/24

    N2 - Asking about religious beliefs, or lack thereof, is a sensitive and complex issue. Due to cultural norms, people may be motivated to respond in a socially desirable way. In addition, deliberating about beliefs may yield different responses than intuition-based responses. To develop a better understanding of the relationship between intuition and self-reported belief, we developed a new implicit measure of supernatural belief. Specifically, we adapted the Affective Misattribution Procedure (AMP) to measure supernatural belief. In a preregistered online study of 404 American participants, we found that the strength of associations between supernatural entities (e.g., god, devil, heaven) and the concept “real” (as opposed to the concept “imaginary”) predicted self-reported supernatural belief and self-reported religious behavior, and these associations were of comparable magnitude to those found in studies where supernatural belief was measured implicitly using the Implicit Association Test (IAT). These results provide provisional evidence that the AMP can be used as an implicit measure of supernatural belief.

    AB - Asking about religious beliefs, or lack thereof, is a sensitive and complex issue. Due to cultural norms, people may be motivated to respond in a socially desirable way. In addition, deliberating about beliefs may yield different responses than intuition-based responses. To develop a better understanding of the relationship between intuition and self-reported belief, we developed a new implicit measure of supernatural belief. Specifically, we adapted the Affective Misattribution Procedure (AMP) to measure supernatural belief. In a preregistered online study of 404 American participants, we found that the strength of associations between supernatural entities (e.g., god, devil, heaven) and the concept “real” (as opposed to the concept “imaginary”) predicted self-reported supernatural belief and self-reported religious behavior, and these associations were of comparable magnitude to those found in studies where supernatural belief was measured implicitly using the Implicit Association Test (IAT). These results provide provisional evidence that the AMP can be used as an implicit measure of supernatural belief.

    KW - Affect Misattribution Procedure

    KW - belief

    KW - implicit

    KW - prime

    KW - religiosity

    KW - Semantic Misattribution Procedure

    KW - supernatural

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068122696&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1080/2153599X.2019.1619620

    DO - 10.1080/2153599X.2019.1619620

    M3 - Article

    VL - (In-Press)

    SP - (In-Press)

    JO - Religion, Brain & Behavior

    JF - Religion, Brain & Behavior

    SN - 2153-599X

    ER -