Manipulating modern diesel engine particulate emission characteristics through butanol fuel blending and fuel injection strategies for efficient diesel oxidation catalysts

M. A. Fayad, A. Tsolakis, D. Fernández-Rodríguez, J. Martin Herreros, F. J. Martos, M. Lapuerta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Decoupling the dependences between emission reduction technologies and engine fuel economy in order to improve them both simultaneously has been proven a major challenge for the vehicle research communities. Additionally, the lower exhaust gas temperatures associated with the modern and future generation internal combustion engines are challenging the performance of road transport environmental catalysts. Studying how fuel properties and fuel injection strategies affect the combustion characteristics, emissions formation and hence catalysts performance can unveil synergies that can benefit vehicle emissions and fuel economy and as well as guide the design of next generation sustainable fuels. The experimental work presented here was conducted using a modern single-cylinder, common rail fuel injection system diesel engine equipped with a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC). The impact of the fuel post-injection strategy that is commonly used as part of the aftertreatment system function (i.e. regeneration of diesel particulate filters or activity in hydrocarbon selective reduction of NOX), combined with butanol-diesel fuel blend (B20) combustion on engine emissions formation, particulate matter characteristics (size distribution, morphology and structure) and oxidation catalyst activity were studied. It was found that post-injection produced lower PM concentration and modified the soot morphological parameters by reducing the number of primary particles (npo), the radius of gyration (Rg), and the fractal dimension (Df). The results were compared with the engine operation on diesel fuel. The increased concentration of HC and CO in the exhaust as a result of the diesel fuel post-injection at the studied exhaust conditions (i.e. T = 300 °C) led in the reduction of the DOC activity due to the increased competition of species for active sites. This effect was improved the combustion of B20 when compared to diesel.

Publisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Energy, [190, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.102

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-500
JournalApplied Energy
Volume190
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Particulate emissions
Fuel injection
diesel engine
Diesel fuels
Butenes
diesel
Diesel engines
catalyst
Fuel economy
Engines
oxidation
Oxidation
Catalysts
Catalyst activity
engine
Fractal dimension
Engine cylinders
Soot
Exhaust gases
Internal combustion engines

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Energy, [190, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.102

© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Keywords

  • Alternative fuels
  • Diesel oxidation catalyst
  • Gaseous emissions
  • Particulate matter
  • Post-injection
  • Butanol

Cite this

Manipulating modern diesel engine particulate emission characteristics through butanol fuel blending and fuel injection strategies for efficient diesel oxidation catalysts. / Fayad, M. A.; Tsolakis, A.; Fernández-Rodríguez, D.; Herreros, J. Martin; Martos, F. J.; Lapuerta, M.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 190, 07.01.2017, p. 490-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fayad, M. A. ; Tsolakis, A. ; Fernández-Rodríguez, D. ; Herreros, J. Martin ; Martos, F. J. ; Lapuerta, M. / Manipulating modern diesel engine particulate emission characteristics through butanol fuel blending and fuel injection strategies for efficient diesel oxidation catalysts. In: Applied Energy. 2017 ; Vol. 190. pp. 490-500.
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AU - Herreros, J. Martin

AU - Martos, F. J.

AU - Lapuerta, M.

N1 - NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Energy, [190, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.102 © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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N2 - Decoupling the dependences between emission reduction technologies and engine fuel economy in order to improve them both simultaneously has been proven a major challenge for the vehicle research communities. Additionally, the lower exhaust gas temperatures associated with the modern and future generation internal combustion engines are challenging the performance of road transport environmental catalysts. Studying how fuel properties and fuel injection strategies affect the combustion characteristics, emissions formation and hence catalysts performance can unveil synergies that can benefit vehicle emissions and fuel economy and as well as guide the design of next generation sustainable fuels. The experimental work presented here was conducted using a modern single-cylinder, common rail fuel injection system diesel engine equipped with a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC). The impact of the fuel post-injection strategy that is commonly used as part of the aftertreatment system function (i.e. regeneration of diesel particulate filters or activity in hydrocarbon selective reduction of NOX), combined with butanol-diesel fuel blend (B20) combustion on engine emissions formation, particulate matter characteristics (size distribution, morphology and structure) and oxidation catalyst activity were studied. It was found that post-injection produced lower PM concentration and modified the soot morphological parameters by reducing the number of primary particles (npo), the radius of gyration (Rg), and the fractal dimension (Df). The results were compared with the engine operation on diesel fuel. The increased concentration of HC and CO in the exhaust as a result of the diesel fuel post-injection at the studied exhaust conditions (i.e. T = 300 °C) led in the reduction of the DOC activity due to the increased competition of species for active sites. This effect was improved the combustion of B20 when compared to diesel.Publisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Energy, [190, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.102© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

AB - Decoupling the dependences between emission reduction technologies and engine fuel economy in order to improve them both simultaneously has been proven a major challenge for the vehicle research communities. Additionally, the lower exhaust gas temperatures associated with the modern and future generation internal combustion engines are challenging the performance of road transport environmental catalysts. Studying how fuel properties and fuel injection strategies affect the combustion characteristics, emissions formation and hence catalysts performance can unveil synergies that can benefit vehicle emissions and fuel economy and as well as guide the design of next generation sustainable fuels. The experimental work presented here was conducted using a modern single-cylinder, common rail fuel injection system diesel engine equipped with a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC). The impact of the fuel post-injection strategy that is commonly used as part of the aftertreatment system function (i.e. regeneration of diesel particulate filters or activity in hydrocarbon selective reduction of NOX), combined with butanol-diesel fuel blend (B20) combustion on engine emissions formation, particulate matter characteristics (size distribution, morphology and structure) and oxidation catalyst activity were studied. It was found that post-injection produced lower PM concentration and modified the soot morphological parameters by reducing the number of primary particles (npo), the radius of gyration (Rg), and the fractal dimension (Df). The results were compared with the engine operation on diesel fuel. The increased concentration of HC and CO in the exhaust as a result of the diesel fuel post-injection at the studied exhaust conditions (i.e. T = 300 °C) led in the reduction of the DOC activity due to the increased competition of species for active sites. This effect was improved the combustion of B20 when compared to diesel.Publisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Energy, [190, (2017)] DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.102© 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

KW - Alternative fuels

KW - Diesel oxidation catalyst

KW - Gaseous emissions

KW - Particulate matter

KW - Post-injection

KW - Butanol

U2 - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.102

DO - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.102

M3 - Article

VL - 190

SP - 490

EP - 500

JO - Applied Energy

JF - Applied Energy

SN - 0306-2619

ER -