M-learning technology in Arab Gulf countries: A systematic review of progress and recommendations

Ahmed Alsswey, Hosam Al-Samarraie, Fuad Ali El-Qirem, Fahed Zaqout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


With the recent development in mobile devices and mobile services, mobile learning (m-learning) has become one of the most common research topics across Arab Gulf countries (AGC). The literature showed an inconsistent usage of m-learning in these countries. This paper sheds light on the progress of m-learning use in AGC, as well as offering recommendations to improve its adoption success. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify the current evidence on the use of m-learning in AGC across several groups of instructors and students. The results from reviewing 31 previous studies showed that students’ and instructors’ acceptance and use of m-learning were the main topics of concerned. In addition, the lack of research on leadership and policy practices in AGC may lead to technology failure. The key recommendations on best practices related to the use of m-learning in AGC were presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2919-2931
Number of pages13
JournalEducation and Information Technologies
Issue number4
Early online date4 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • Activity theory
  • Arab gulf countries
  • Life-long learning
  • M-learning
  • Technology acceptance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Library and Information Sciences

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