M-learning adoption in the Arab gulf countries: A systematic review of factors and challenges

Ahmed Alsswey, Hosam Al-Samarraie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The simplicity and minimal cost of mobile phones make them more suitable for use among students and educators across the world. The integration of mobile technology in a university context has been found to provide a superior learning environment compared to the traditional classroom lecture. Yet, there are several challenges that may delay the adoption of m-learning and postpone the revolution it promised. Arab Gulf Countries (AGC), like other developing countries, are encountering challenges linked to the acceptance and adoption of m-learning. Therefore, it is vital to examine the factors driving the adoption of m-learning among instructors and students in these countries. This paper identified the influential factors affecting m-learning adoption among students in Arab Gulf universities. The challenges of adopting m-learning were also identified. A systematic literature review was conducted to explore the current evidence on the use of m-learning in AGC. The results showed different factors (mostly cultural and social) that contribute to m-learning acceptance/adoption in Arab Gulf universities. Findings from this study can aid educational policy makers with planning and implementing effective m-learning programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3163-3176
Number of pages14
JournalEducation and Information Technologies
Issue number5
Early online date4 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Lifelong learning
  • M-learning
  • Technology adoption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Library and Information Sciences

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