Low socio-economic environmental determinants of children's physical activity in Coventry, UK: A Qualitative study in parents

Emma Eyre, Michael J. Duncan, Samantha Birch, Valerie Cox

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    Abstract

    Background Children's physical activity (PA) is affected by socio-economic status (SES) and the environment. Children are not fully autonomous in their decision making; parental decisions thus affect how children utilise their surrounding environments for PA. The aim was to examine environmental influences on children's PA from a qualitative perspective in parents from low SES wards in Coventry, UK. Method 59 parents of children in year 4 (aged 8–9years) completed the ALPHA environmental questionnaire. 16 of these parents took part in focus group discussions examining environmental facilitators and barriers to their child's PA (March–April, 2013). Results Emerging themes related to physical (i.e. poor access, safety and quality of the neighbourhood) and social environment (i.e. ‘rough’ neighbourhood due to crime and anti-social behaviour) influences on the PA behaviour of children. The parents believed these environmental factors resulted in the children engaging in greater sedentary activity (watching TV) indoors. The school environment was perceived as a supportive physical environment for children's PA behaviour. Conclusion Parent's perceptions of an unsupportive physical and social environment restrict children's opportunities to play outside and be physically active and may lead to increased body fat (BF). Schools provide a supportive environment for children from low SES to be physically active in. Publisher statement: This is an Open Access report distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/), which permits users to copy, distribute and transmit the work for non-commercial purposes providing it is properly cited.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)32-42
    JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
    Volume1
    Early online date30 Sep 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    Parents
    Economics
    Exercise
    Social Environment
    Licensure
    Social Behavior
    Child Behavior
    Crime
    Focus Groups
    Adipose Tissue
    Decision Making
    Safety

    Bibliographical note

    This is an Open Access report distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/), which permits users to copy, distribute and transmit the work for non-commercial purposes providing it is properly cited.

    Keywords

    • deprived
    • youth
    • attitude
    • neighbourhood
    • play
    • habitual physical activity

    Cite this

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    title = "Low socio-economic environmental determinants of children's physical activity in Coventry, UK: A Qualitative study in parents",
    abstract = "Background Children's physical activity (PA) is affected by socio-economic status (SES) and the environment. Children are not fully autonomous in their decision making; parental decisions thus affect how children utilise their surrounding environments for PA. The aim was to examine environmental influences on children's PA from a qualitative perspective in parents from low SES wards in Coventry, UK. Method 59 parents of children in year 4 (aged 8–9years) completed the ALPHA environmental questionnaire. 16 of these parents took part in focus group discussions examining environmental facilitators and barriers to their child's PA (March–April, 2013). Results Emerging themes related to physical (i.e. poor access, safety and quality of the neighbourhood) and social environment (i.e. ‘rough’ neighbourhood due to crime and anti-social behaviour) influences on the PA behaviour of children. The parents believed these environmental factors resulted in the children engaging in greater sedentary activity (watching TV) indoors. The school environment was perceived as a supportive physical environment for children's PA behaviour. Conclusion Parent's perceptions of an unsupportive physical and social environment restrict children's opportunities to play outside and be physically active and may lead to increased body fat (BF). Schools provide a supportive environment for children from low SES to be physically active in. Publisher statement: This is an Open Access report distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/), which permits users to copy, distribute and transmit the work for non-commercial purposes providing it is properly cited.",
    keywords = "deprived, youth, attitude, neighbourhood, play, habitual physical activity",
    author = "Emma Eyre and Duncan, {Michael J.} and Samantha Birch and Valerie Cox",
    note = "This is an Open Access report distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/), which permits users to copy, distribute and transmit the work for non-commercial purposes providing it is properly cited.",
    year = "2014",
    doi = "10.1016/j.pmedr.2014.09.002",
    language = "English",
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    T1 - Low socio-economic environmental determinants of children's physical activity in Coventry, UK: A Qualitative study in parents

    AU - Eyre, Emma

    AU - Duncan, Michael J.

    AU - Birch, Samantha

    AU - Cox, Valerie

    N1 - This is an Open Access report distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/), which permits users to copy, distribute and transmit the work for non-commercial purposes providing it is properly cited.

    PY - 2014

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    N2 - Background Children's physical activity (PA) is affected by socio-economic status (SES) and the environment. Children are not fully autonomous in their decision making; parental decisions thus affect how children utilise their surrounding environments for PA. The aim was to examine environmental influences on children's PA from a qualitative perspective in parents from low SES wards in Coventry, UK. Method 59 parents of children in year 4 (aged 8–9years) completed the ALPHA environmental questionnaire. 16 of these parents took part in focus group discussions examining environmental facilitators and barriers to their child's PA (March–April, 2013). Results Emerging themes related to physical (i.e. poor access, safety and quality of the neighbourhood) and social environment (i.e. ‘rough’ neighbourhood due to crime and anti-social behaviour) influences on the PA behaviour of children. The parents believed these environmental factors resulted in the children engaging in greater sedentary activity (watching TV) indoors. The school environment was perceived as a supportive physical environment for children's PA behaviour. Conclusion Parent's perceptions of an unsupportive physical and social environment restrict children's opportunities to play outside and be physically active and may lead to increased body fat (BF). Schools provide a supportive environment for children from low SES to be physically active in. Publisher statement: This is an Open Access report distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/), which permits users to copy, distribute and transmit the work for non-commercial purposes providing it is properly cited.

    AB - Background Children's physical activity (PA) is affected by socio-economic status (SES) and the environment. Children are not fully autonomous in their decision making; parental decisions thus affect how children utilise their surrounding environments for PA. The aim was to examine environmental influences on children's PA from a qualitative perspective in parents from low SES wards in Coventry, UK. Method 59 parents of children in year 4 (aged 8–9years) completed the ALPHA environmental questionnaire. 16 of these parents took part in focus group discussions examining environmental facilitators and barriers to their child's PA (March–April, 2013). Results Emerging themes related to physical (i.e. poor access, safety and quality of the neighbourhood) and social environment (i.e. ‘rough’ neighbourhood due to crime and anti-social behaviour) influences on the PA behaviour of children. The parents believed these environmental factors resulted in the children engaging in greater sedentary activity (watching TV) indoors. The school environment was perceived as a supportive physical environment for children's PA behaviour. Conclusion Parent's perceptions of an unsupportive physical and social environment restrict children's opportunities to play outside and be physically active and may lead to increased body fat (BF). Schools provide a supportive environment for children from low SES to be physically active in. Publisher statement: This is an Open Access report distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/), which permits users to copy, distribute and transmit the work for non-commercial purposes providing it is properly cited.

    KW - deprived

    KW - youth

    KW - attitude

    KW - neighbourhood

    KW - play

    KW - habitual physical activity

    U2 - 10.1016/j.pmedr.2014.09.002

    DO - 10.1016/j.pmedr.2014.09.002

    M3 - Article

    VL - 1

    SP - 32

    EP - 42

    JO - Preventive Medicine Reports

    JF - Preventive Medicine Reports

    SN - 2211-3355

    ER -