Low fundamental movement skill proficiency is associated with high BMI and body fatness in girls but not boys aged 6-11 years old

Michael J. Duncan, E. Bryant, D. Stodden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
50 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study examined differences in children’s Body Mass Index (BMI) and body fatness (BF%) as a function of gender and fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency. Following ethics approval and parental consent, 248, 6-11 year old children (112 boys, 136 girls) underwent assessment of seven FMS: sprint run, side gallop, hop, kick, catch, throw, vertical jump. FMS tertiles (‘high’, ‘medium’ or ‘low’ FMS) were created based on the summed components of the FMS. Skinfold measures were used to calculate BF%. Physical activity (PA) was assessed using pedometry and maturation predicted using anthropometry. Data were analysed using a 2 (Gender) X 3 (FMS tertile) ways ANCOVA, controlling for age, maturation and PA. Age (P = .001) and maturation (P = .006) were associated with BMI. Girls classified as high FMS proficiency had significantly lower BMI compared to girls with low and medium FMS proficiency. Age (P = .0001) and maturation (P = .007) were associated with BF%. BF% was also higher for girls with low FMS compared to those with medium and high FMS. BF% and BMI were not different across FMS tertile in boys. Such findings suggest focusing on FMS may be especially important for healthy weight, particularly in girls. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 21 Nov 2016 available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/ 10.1080/02640414.2016.1258483 .
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2135-2141
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume35
Issue number21
Early online date21 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Due to publisher policy, the full text is not available on the repository until the 21st of May 2018.

Keywords

  • Motor Competence
  • Obesity
  • Physical Activity
  • Children

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