Living with non-state policing in South Africa: the issues and dilemmas

Bruce Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)
204 Downloads (Pure)


Though policing is widely regarded as an inherently public good, in reality non-state policing is widespread in South Africa, doing everything that the public police force does. The paper examines the extent, nature and attitudes towards non-state policing in South Africa in its different forms, that is, autonomous citizen responses, 'responsible' citizen responses and commercial private security. The paper concludes by assessing the social and political implications of non-state policing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-53
JournalJournal of Modern African Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2002


  • non-state policing
  • South Africa


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