Live–virtual–constructive simulation for testing and evaluation of air combat tactics, techniques, and procedures, Part 1: assessment framework

Heikki Petteri Mansikka, Kai Virtanen, Donald Harris, Jaakko Salomaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper advances live (L), virtual (V), and constructive (C) simulation methodologies by introducing a new LVC simulation framework for the development of air combat tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP). In the framework, TTP is developed iteratively in separate C-, V-, and L-simulation stages. This allows the utilization of the strengths of each simulation class while avoiding the challenges of pure LVC simulations. The C-stage provides the optimal TTP with respect to the probabilities of survival (Ps) and kill (Pk) of aircraft without considering the human–machine interaction (HMI). In the V-stage, the optimal TTP is modified by assessing its applicability with Pk and Ps, as well as HMI measures regarding pilots’ situation awareness, mental workload, and TTP adherence. In the L-stage, real aircraft are used to evaluate whether the developed TTP leads to acceptable Pk, Ps, and HMI measures in a real-life environment. The iterative nature of the framework enables that V- or L-stages can reveal flaws of the TTP and an inadequate TTP can be returned to the C- or V-stage for revision. This paper is Part 1 of a two-part study. Part 2 demonstrates the use of the framework with operationally used C- and V-simulators as well as real F/A-18C aircraft and pilots.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
JournalJournal of Defense Modeling and Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology
Volume(In-Press)
Early online date12 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Nov 2019

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Bibliographical note

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission
or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.

Keywords

  • Air combat
  • human factors
  • human–machine interaction
  • live–virtual–constructive
  • mental workload
  • performance
  • simulation
  • situation awareness
  • testing and evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Live–virtual–constructive simulation for testing and evaluation of air combat tactics, techniques, and procedures, Part 1: assessment framework. / Mansikka, Heikki Petteri; Virtanen, Kai ; Harris, Donald; Salomaki, Jaakko .

In: Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology, Vol. (In-Press), 12.11.2019, p. (In-Press).

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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