## Abstract

Linear stability of buoyant convective flow in a horizontal layer of an electrically conducting fluid is considered with reference to horizontal Bridgman semiconductor crystal growth. The fluid flows owing to the horizontal temperature gradient in the presence of a vertical magnetic field. The main interest here is in the stability of the flow for a sufficiently strong magnetic field, for the Hartmann number Ha > 10, and increasing to high values, of the order of 103–104. The Prandtl number, Pr, has been fixed at Pr = 0.015. It is shown that besides the Hartmann number the instability strongly depends on the type of the thermal boundary conditions at the horizontal walls. For thermally conducting walls the basic temperature profile exhibits zones of unstable thermal stratification, which leads to instabilities owing to the Rayleigh-Bénard mechanism. However, the transitions between various, most unstable modes as Ha increases are not trivial. For sufficiently high values of Ha, the most unstable mode consists of transverse oscillatory rolls located in the region of unstable stratification. For thermally insulating walls, the transitions are simpler, and for sufficiently high Ha, the most unstable mode consists of longitudinal, steady, three-dimensional mode which is concentrated in the Hartmann layers at the horizontal boundaries. This mode has a combined dynamic-thermal origin and is owed to a strong shear in the Hartmann layers. The electrical boundary conditions do not qualitatively affect the picture of transitions between modes for both thermally conducting and thermally insulating walls.

Publisher Statement:

Publisher Statement:

**This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing.**** **

**The
following article appeared in Hudoba, A, Molokov, S, Aleksandrova, S &
Pedcenko, A 2016, 'Linear stability of buoyant convection in a horizontal
layer of an electrically conducting fluid in moderate and high vertical
magnetic field' Physics of Fluid, vol 28, 094104 and may be found
at https://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4962741
**

Original language | English |
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Article number | 094104 |

Journal | Physics of Fluid |

Volume | 28 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 21 Sep 2016 |

### Bibliographical note

This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing.The following article appeared in Hudoba, A, Molokov, S, Aleksandrova, S & Pedcenko, A 2016, 'Linear stability of buoyant convection in a horizontal layer of an electrically conducting fluid in moderate and high vertical magnetic field' Physics of Fluid, vol 28, 094104 and may be found at https://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4962741

## Keywords

- Thermal conduction
- Magnetic fields
- Flow instabilities
- Boundary value problems
- Energy balance