“Lifting More” is Associated with Lower Risks of Depression in University Students

Kang Ai, Kimberley Curtin, Kaja Kastelic, Cain Clark, Si Tong Chen, Xinli Chi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
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    Research on the population in western world showed that, MSE (muscle-strengthening exercise) is beneficial to the treatment of mental disorders. However, the situation in Chinese adults is little known. For this reason, the study is performed to understand the connection between depression and MSE among college and university students in China aged between 18 to 24.1793 college students have been recruited, and their average age is 20.67. A questionnaire has been developed and it is self-reported and designed to collect information about MSE and par-ticipants, including body mass index and sex and so on. Sleep and physical activity have been evaluated by introducing two scales, that is, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form, respectively. Moreover, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 has been adopted to indicate the severity of depression of participants. The link between depression and MSE has been studied by introducing multilevel linear regression. Among all these study participants, just 24.87% of them met the MSE standards of World Health Organization, that is, more than 2 days every week. The average depression score was 6.80 (±5.19). Greater number of days for MSE shows negative association with the depression, with beta = −0.17, 95% CI: −0.31 to −0.03, p = 0.015). Those students failing to meet MSE standards are more susceptible to the depression risk (beta = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.09–0.19, p = 0.027). The results show that, there is a relationship between MSE participation and relieved status of depression among young adults in China. Interventions designed to relieve depression can be developed on the basis of MSE.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)471-485
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health Promotion
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    Funding Statement: This study was funded by 2016 Hunan Province Social Science Key Project (Grant No. 16ZDB015); 2017 National Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21BTY032); 2020 Hainan Province Tertiary School Research Project (Grant No. HNKY2020-53); 2021 Hainan Province Philosophy and Social Development Project (Grant No. HNSK[ZC]21-173).

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2021, Tech Science Press. All rights reserved.


    • College students
    • Depression
    • Mental health
    • Muscle strengthening activity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health Policy
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Psychiatry and Mental health


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