Lean partially premixed turbulent flame equivalence ratio measurements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Tawfik Badawy, Mahmoud Hamza, Mohy S. Mansour, Abdel Hafez H. Abdel-Hafez, Hisham Imam, Mohamed A. Abdel-Raheem, Chongming Wang, Thomas Lattimore

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Abstract

The creation of a more stable flame along with the extension of flammability limits under lean mixture combustion was the main motivation to develop a new burner design, which has been investigated in this research. The current burner configuration was utilized to create a wide range of higher turbulent intensities and to produce different degrees of mixture inhomogeneity, which acted to promote minimum pollution, highest performance and higher flame stability. The burner stability assessment was investigated using two types of fuel: natural gas (NG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). They were tested under different degrees of partial premixing, and two turbulence generator disks for lean mixture at an equivalence ratio of φ = 0.8 were used. Following this, the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) technique was utilized to characterize and quantify the impact of changing the disk slit diameter on the distributions profiles of equivalence ratio or mixture fraction for a NG/air partially premixed flame. A series of homogeneous NG/air mixtures with different equivalence ratios were used to obtain the correlations between the measured emission lines of LIBS spectra and the global flame equivalence ratio. Consequently, the emission spectral lines ratios of H/N, H/O and C/N + O were utilized to predict the equivalence ratio distributions. The results demonstrated that for all of the mixing lengths, NG/air mixture with larger disk generator diameter yielded the maximum burner stability, whilst the LPG/air mixture with a larger disk generator diameter resulted in the minimum burner stability. Furthermore, the flame associated with the larger disk slit diameter had a uniform local equivalence ratio distribution and lower RMS fluctuation profiles of equivalence ratio in comparison to the lower disk slit diameter.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-334
Number of pages15
JournalFuel
Volume237
Early online date6 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
Fuel burners
Natural gas
Gas generators
Liquefied petroleum gas
Air
Flammability
Pollution
Turbulence

Keywords

  • LIBS
  • Laser breakdown
  • Mixture fraction
  • Partially premixed
  • Stability
  • Turbulence

Cite this

Badawy, T., Hamza, M., Mansour, M. S., Abdel-Hafez, A. H. H., Imam, H., Abdel-Raheem, M. A., ... Lattimore, T. (2019). Lean partially premixed turbulent flame equivalence ratio measurements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Fuel, 237, 320-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.015

Lean partially premixed turbulent flame equivalence ratio measurements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. / Badawy, Tawfik; Hamza, Mahmoud; Mansour, Mohy S.; Abdel-Hafez, Abdel Hafez H.; Imam, Hisham; Abdel-Raheem, Mohamed A.; Wang, Chongming; Lattimore, Thomas.

In: Fuel, Vol. 237, 01.02.2019, p. 320-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Badawy, T, Hamza, M, Mansour, MS, Abdel-Hafez, AHH, Imam, H, Abdel-Raheem, MA, Wang, C & Lattimore, T 2019, 'Lean partially premixed turbulent flame equivalence ratio measurements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy' Fuel, vol. 237, pp. 320-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.015
Badawy T, Hamza M, Mansour MS, Abdel-Hafez AHH, Imam H, Abdel-Raheem MA et al. Lean partially premixed turbulent flame equivalence ratio measurements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Fuel. 2019 Feb 1;237:320-334. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.015
Badawy, Tawfik ; Hamza, Mahmoud ; Mansour, Mohy S. ; Abdel-Hafez, Abdel Hafez H. ; Imam, Hisham ; Abdel-Raheem, Mohamed A. ; Wang, Chongming ; Lattimore, Thomas. / Lean partially premixed turbulent flame equivalence ratio measurements using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. In: Fuel. 2019 ; Vol. 237. pp. 320-334.
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abstract = "The creation of a more stable flame along with the extension of flammability limits under lean mixture combustion was the main motivation to develop a new burner design, which has been investigated in this research. The current burner configuration was utilized to create a wide range of higher turbulent intensities and to produce different degrees of mixture inhomogeneity, which acted to promote minimum pollution, highest performance and higher flame stability. The burner stability assessment was investigated using two types of fuel: natural gas (NG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). They were tested under different degrees of partial premixing, and two turbulence generator disks for lean mixture at an equivalence ratio of φ = 0.8 were used. Following this, the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) technique was utilized to characterize and quantify the impact of changing the disk slit diameter on the distributions profiles of equivalence ratio or mixture fraction for a NG/air partially premixed flame. A series of homogeneous NG/air mixtures with different equivalence ratios were used to obtain the correlations between the measured emission lines of LIBS spectra and the global flame equivalence ratio. Consequently, the emission spectral lines ratios of H/N, H/O and C/N + O were utilized to predict the equivalence ratio distributions. The results demonstrated that for all of the mixing lengths, NG/air mixture with larger disk generator diameter yielded the maximum burner stability, whilst the LPG/air mixture with a larger disk generator diameter resulted in the minimum burner stability. Furthermore, the flame associated with the larger disk slit diameter had a uniform local equivalence ratio distribution and lower RMS fluctuation profiles of equivalence ratio in comparison to the lower disk slit diameter.",
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AU - Imam, Hisham

AU - Abdel-Raheem, Mohamed A.

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