Lean and Green – Synergies, Differences, Limitations, and the Need for Six Sigma

J. A. Garza-Reyes, G. W. Jacques, Ming K. Lim, V. Kumar, L. Rocha-Lona

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

25 Citations (Scopus)


Historically, profitability and efficiency objectives have been the prevailing interest for organisations. However, the move towards green operations has forced companies to seek alternatives to combine these with green objectives and initiatives. Green lean is the result of this combination. The purpose of this paper is to critically discuss the green lean approach and the potential benefits of integrating Six Sigma to enhance its effectiveness. The paper is based on a literature review that discusses the synergies and differences of lean and green, and its main limitations. Departing from the limitations identified, the paper then proposes Six Sigma, and specially its problem solving methodology DMAIC, as an approach that may help in overcoming the limitations of green lean. Thus, the paper conceptually proposes Green Lean Six Sigma. It intends to offer academics, researchers and practitioners interested in lean and green with some initial conceptual ideas regarding their possible integration with Six Sigma.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Production Management Systems. Innovative and Knowledge-Based Production Management in a Global-Local World
EditorsBernard Grabot, Bruno Vallespir, Samuel Gomes, Abdelaziz Bouras, Dimitris Kiritsis
Place of PublicationBerlin, Germany
PublisherSpringer Verlag
ISBN (Print)978-3-662-44735-2, 978-3-662-44736-9
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventIFIP WG 5.7 International Conference - Ajaccio, France
Duration: 20 Sep 201424 Sep 2014


ConferenceIFIP WG 5.7 International Conference

Bibliographical note

The full text is not available on the repository.


  • Environment
  • Green
  • Lean
  • Six Sigma
  • Sustainability

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