Leader career success & locus of control expectancy

Kurt April, Babar Dharani, Kai Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In recognition of the fact that the world is dynamic and changing, the research re-tests the well-established relationship between internality and success, and its recognition as a trait of leaders. Contrary to some published Western academic literature, the research results conclude that higher levels of successes are achieved by individuals with an external locus of control expectancy. The research presents evidence of a shift away from a world that appreciates leaders with an ultimate self-belief of control, independence and autonomy, to leaders that appreciate external forces, and recognise the importance of connection and community. This move is triggered by feelings of loneliness, guilt and tiredness of competition when only autonomy and independence are sought. These triggers are allowing individuals not to merely seek physiological or safety needs, but to seek belongingness and deep-care needs. The implication of this change in leadership style is a move away from narcissistic leadership styles, towards servant leadership styles. Keywords:
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-40
Number of pages13
JournalAcademy of Taiwan Business Management Review
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Locus of control
  • needs
  • objective career success
  • psychological puberty


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