Laser surface alloying of aluminium with WC + Co + NiCr for improved wear resistance

Subhasisa Nath, Sisa Pityana, Jyotsna Dutta Majumdar

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In the present study, laser surface alloying of aluminium with WC + Co + NiCr (in the ratio of 70:15:15) has been conducted using a 5 kW continuous wave (CW) Nd:YAG laser (at a beam diameter of 0.003 m), with the output power ranging from 3 to 3.5 kW and scan speed from 0.012 m/s to 0.04 m/s by simultaneous feeding of precursor powder (at a flow rate of 1 × 10− 5 kg/s) and using He shroud at a gas flow rate of 3 × 10− 6 m3/s. The effect of laser power and scan speed on the characteristics (microstructures, phases and composition) and properties (wear and corrosion resistance) of the surface alloyed layer have been investigated in details. Laser surface alloying leads to development of fine grained aluminium with the dispersion of WC, W2C, Al4C3, Al9Co2, Al3Ni, Cr23C6, and Co6W6C. The microhardness of the alloyed zone is significantly improved to a maximum value of 650 VHN as compared to 22 VHN of the as-received aluminium substrate. The mechanism of microhardness enhancement has been established. The fretting wear behavior of the alloyed zone was evaluated against WC by Ball-on-disc wear testing unit and the mechanism of wear was established.

Publisher Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Surface and Coatings Technology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Surface and Coatings Technology, [206, 15, (2012)] DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2012.01.038

© 2012, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3333-3341
Number of pages9
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Laser surface alloying
  • Aluminium
  • WC
  • Microstructure
  • Microhardness
  • Wear


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