Land sparing versus land sharing: Moving forward

Joern Fischer, David J. Abson, Van Butsic, M. Jahi Chappell, Johan Ekroos, Jan Hanspach, Tobias Kuemmerle, Henrik G. Smith, Henrik von Wehrden

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    422 Citations (Scopus)
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    To address the challenges of biodiversity conservation and commodity production, a framework has been proposed that distinguishes between the integration (“land sharing”) and separation (“land sparing”) of conservation and production. Controversy has arisen around this framework partly because many scholars have focused specifically on food production rather than more encompassing notions such as land scarcity or food security. Controversy further surrounds the practical value of partial trade-off analyses, the ways in which biodiversity should be quantified, and a series of scale effects that are not readily accounted for. We see key priorities for the future in (1) addressing these issues when using the existing framework, and (2) developing alternative, holistic ways to conceptualise challenges related to food, biodiversity, and land scarcity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)149-157
    Number of pages9
    JournalConservation Letters
    Issue number3
    Early online date26 Dec 2013
    Publication statusPublished - May 2014


    • Agroecological intensification
    • Agroecology
    • Food security
    • Food sovereignty
    • Land scarcity
    • Matrix
    • Sustainable intensification
    • Wildlife-friendly farming


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