The purpose of this study was to: 1) provide comparative isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP) force-time characteristics for elite youth soccer players and 2) determine the effect of age and maturation on IMTP force-time characteristics. Elite male youth soccer players (U12 n = 51; U13 n = 54; U14 n = 56; U15 n = 45; U16 n = 39; U18 n = 48) across 3 maturity offset groups (Pre n = 117; circa n = 84; Post-PHV n = 92) performed two maximal IMTP trials on a portable force platform (1,000 Hz). Absolute and relative values for peak force (PF) and impulse over 100 ms and 300 ms, were analyzed. A full Bayesian regression model was used to provide probable differences similar to that of a frequentist p value. Advanced age and maturation resulted in superior IMTP force-time characteristics. Peak force demonstrated high probabilities of a difference between all consecutive age groups (p>0.95). For absolute and relative impulse (100, 300 ms) only two consecutive age groups (U14-15’s; U16-18’s) demonstrated high probabilities of a difference (p>0.95) with large effects (d =0.59 to 0.93). There were high probable differences between all maturity offset groups for PF and impulse with medium to large effects (d = 0.56 to 3.80). These were also reduced when expressed relative to body mass (relative PF, relative impulse). This study provides comparative IMTP force-time characteristics of elite male youth soccer players. Practitioners should consider individual maturation status when comparing players given the impact this has on force expression.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation