Isokinetic Strength Differences Between Elite Senior and Youth Female Soccer Players Identifies Training Requirements

Steven Eustace, Richard Page, Matt Greig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To compare traditional and angle-specific isokinetic strength of eccentric knee flexors and concentric knee extensors in female senior professional and youth soccer players. Design: Cross-sectional study design. Setting: University’s Laboratory. Participants: A total of 34 players (17 seniors [age 25.31 ± 4.51 years; height 167.89 ± 7.04cm; mass 63.12 ± 7.79kg] and 17 youths [16.91 ± 1.16 years; height 165.92 ± 4.42cm; mass 60.07 ± 4.48kg]) from the Women’s Super League 1 completed strength assessments at 180, 270 and 60°∙s-1. Main Outcome Measures: Peak torque (PT), dynamic control ratio (DCR), angle of peak torque (APT), functional range (FR), angle-specific torque (AST) and angle-specific DCR (DCRAST) were compared between age groups. Results: The PT (P = 0.016) AST (P = 0.041) were significantly higher in seniors compared to youths; however APT (P = 0.141), DCR (P = 0.524) FR (P = 0.821) and DCRAST (P = 0.053) were not significant between playing age. Conclusion: The use of absolute and angle-specific strength measures were able to distinguish between female playing ages, whereas DCR and DCRAST was unable to identify differences. The PT and AST metrics may be the most useful metrics to help identify and inform training needs, particularly in youths.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Therapy in Sport
Volume39
Early online date21 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

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Soccer
Torque
Knee
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Age
  • Hamstring
  • Injury risk
  • Quadriceps
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Isokinetic Strength Differences Between Elite Senior and Youth Female Soccer Players Identifies Training Requirements. / Eustace, Steven; Page, Richard ; Greig, Matt.

In: Physical Therapy in Sport, Vol. 39, 01.09.2019, p. 45-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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