Islam in Turkey as Shaped by the State, Its Founder and its History: Insight Through Baptist Eyes and Three Key Muslim Figures’

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This book chapter originated in a presentation made to the Muslim-Christian Relations Commission at the 2014 Baptist World Alliance Gathering in Izmir, Turkey. Turkey is the modern day country which covers the geography of what was known as Asia Minor and which the early Christian Church had a strong presence, but where the contemporary Christian (and even more so the Baptist Christian) minority is very small. The chapter seeks to provide some insight into and explore key aspects of Turkish history and society by reference to the founder of the modern Turkish state, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) as well as to three significant Turkish Muslim figures who have contributed to the religious inheritance of Turkey and beyond – namely Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī; Said Nursi (1877-1960); and Muhammad Fethullah Gülen (1941-). The chapter highlights some aspects of Baptist Christian tradition that the chapter argues resonates with aspects of this Turkish inheritance in ways that might be of constructive help to contemporary (especially Baptist and Christian) understandings of Turkey, of Muslims of Turkish heritage, and of Muslims and Islam more generally. In doing so it explores some historical Baptist Christian perspectives on Turkish Muslims; discusses the question of whether “Anatolian Islam” has a distinctive "flavour"; traces the historical development from the multi-ethnic Ottoman Empire diversity to modern nationalism in Turkey; explores the cleavages and fractures of Left and Right, and issues of human rights in modern Turkish history, including the country's history of military coups. Finally it particularly discusses Fethullah Gulen's thought and actions in support of dialogue and against “Islamism” in a way that the chapter argues is resonance with a “Baptistic” vision of Christianity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngaging the Jubilee
Subtitle of host publication Freedom and Justice Papers of the Baptist World Alliance (2010-2015)
EditorsRaimundo Barreto Jnr, Ken Sehested , Luis-Rivera Pagan, Paul Hayes
Place of PublicationFalls Church, Virginia, USA
PublisherBaptist World Alliance
Chapter18
Pages193-209
Number of pages17
Edition1
ISBN (Print)1936945061
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Baptist perspectives
  • Islam
  • Turkey
  • Fethullah Gulen
  • Said Nursi
  • Mustafa Kemal Atuturk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Religious studies
  • History
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Political Science and International Relations

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  • Cite this

    Weller, P. (2015). Islam in Turkey as Shaped by the State, Its Founder and its History: Insight Through Baptist Eyes and Three Key Muslim Figures’. In R. Barreto Jnr, K. Sehested , L-R. Pagan, & P. Hayes (Eds.), Engaging the Jubilee: Freedom and Justice Papers of the Baptist World Alliance (2010-2015) (1 ed., pp. 193-209). Falls Church, Virginia, USA: Baptist World Alliance.