Ising model with variable spin/agent strengths

M Krasnytska, B Berche, Yurij Holovatch, R Kenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)


We introduce varying spin strengths to the Ising model, a central pillar of statistical physics. With inhomogeneous physical systems in mind, but also anticipating interdisciplinary applications, we present the model on network structures of varying degrees of complexity. This allows us explore
the interplay of two types of randomness: individual strengths of spins or agents and collective connectivity between them. We solve the model for the generic case of power-law spin strength and find that, with a self-averaging free energy, it has a rich phase diagram with new universality classes.
Indeed, the degree of complexity added by quenched variable spins is on a par to that added by endowing simple networks with increasingly realistic geometries. The model is suitable for investigating emergent phenomena in many-body systems in contexts where non-identicality of spins or agents plays an essential role and for exporting statistical physics concepts beyond physics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number035008
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physics: Complexity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

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  • Ising model
  • Scale-free networks
  • Sociophysics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems


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